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Cardiovascular biomarkers and echocardiographic findings at rest and during graded hypovolemic stress in women with recurrent vasovagal syncope
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Cardiology in Linköping.
Lund Univ, Sweden; Sickle Univ Hosp, Sweden.
Lund Univ, Sweden.
Lund Univ, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, ISSN 1045-3873, E-ISSN 1540-8167Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Introduction Vasovagal reflex is the most common type of syncope but its etiology is not fully elucidated. Venous return and cardiac output are key in hemodynamic control. The aim of the study was to assess cardiovascular biomarkers and echocardiographic measures at rest and during hypovolemia in women with and without a history of vasovagal syncope. Methods Fourteen women (aged 18-30) suffering from recurrent vasovagal syncope and 15 age-matched healthy women were included. Graded lower body negative pressure (LBNP) was used to create central hypovolemic stress until signs of presyncope occurred. Echocardiography was applied at rest and throughout LBNP. Cardiovascular biomarkers: copeptin, mid-regional proadrenomedullin, mid-regional pro-ANP, C-terminal proendothelin-1, and plasma norepinephrine were measured both at rest and throughout graded hypovolemia to presyncope. Results Women prone to vasovagal syncope presented with a narrower right ventricle (RV) (29 +/- 1 vs 32 +/- 1 mm, P amp;lt; .05), smaller left atrium (36 +/- 2 vs 47 +/- 3 cm(3), P amp;lt; .01) and lower cardiac output at rest (3.1 +/- 0.2 vs 3.7 +/- 0.2 L/min, P amp;lt; .05) and during graded hypovolemia (P amp;lt; .05). Copeptin was elevated at rest (4.3 +/- 0.8 vs 2.5 +/- 0.2 pmol/L, P amp;lt; .05) and increased more in women with vasovagal syncope during progression of LBNP (P amp;lt; .01). At rest, lower C-terminal proendothelin-1 (35 +/- 5 vs 46 +/- 2 pmol/L, P amp;lt; .05) and higher norepinephrine levels (1.1 +/- 0.1 vs 0.8 +/- 0.1 nmol/L, P amp;lt; .01) were seen in women with vasovagal syncope. Conclusion Women prone to vasovagal syncope demonstrate reduced cardiac preload, lower cardiac output, as well as increased release of vasopressin in rest and during hypovolemic challenge. The results emphasize the importance of venous return and cardiac output in the pathogenesis of vasovagal syncope.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2019.
Keywords [en]
adrenomedullin; biomarkers; cardiac output; copeptin; echocardiography; endothelin-1; vasovagal syncope; women
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161389DOI: 10.1111/jce.14207ISI: 000489853800001PubMedID: 31578800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-161389DiVA, id: diva2:1367475
Note

Funding Agencies|Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden Grant [160691]; County Council of Ostergotland Grants [LIO-391351, LIO-441081, LIO-541501]; Swedish Heart and Lung FoundationSwedish Heart-Lung Foundation [20160519]

Available from: 2019-11-04 Created: 2019-11-04 Last updated: 2019-11-04

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Lindenberger, MarcusEngvall, JanSkoog, Johan
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Division of Cardiovascular MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Cardiology in LinköpingDepartment of Clinical Physiology in Linköping
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Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
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