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Nordic networks: patent agents and the business of technology intermediation in Sweden and Finland, 1860–1910
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Företagsekonomiska instiutionen, Uppsala universitet.
Aalto University, Espoo, Finland.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0340-9269
2020 (English)In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 68, no 1, p. 45-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article analyses Swedish and Finnish patent agents and their businesses at the turn of the twentieth century. Due to legal requirements, all foreign patent applications had to pass through the hands of patent agents. Despite the central role, this transnational business of technology intermediation has received only limited attention in the scholarship. The article studies the business relationships between the patent agents and their clients, and employs new datasets, which include information about all foreign patentees using a patent agent in 1860–1910. The main findings are that the transnational business relationships affected the specialisation of national patent agents, especially in Finland, where patent agents with a legal background contributed to the inflow of inventions managed by Swedish patent agents. Patent agent services also represented significant indirect costs of the patent systems for their foreign clients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020. Vol. 68, no 1, p. 45-65
Keywords [en]
Patent agents, intellectual property, technology transfer, Sweden, Finland JEL-codes, N83, O19, O32, O34
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161883DOI: 10.1080/03585522.2019.1667425ISI: 000492430700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85073829141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-161883DiVA, id: diva2:1369306
Available from: 2019-11-11 Created: 2019-11-11 Last updated: 2020-03-27Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, David

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf