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Epitaxial graphene sensors combined with 3D printed microfluidic chip for heavy metals detection
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Sensor and Actuator Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Semiconductor Materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Sensor and Actuator Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. (Applied Sensor Science)
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Sensor and Actuator Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
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2018 (English)In: Proceedings, ISSN 2504-3900, Vol. 2, no 13, article id 982Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two-dimensional materials may constitute key elements in the development of a sensing platform where extremely high sensitivity is required, since even minimal chemical interaction can generate appreciable changes in the electronic state of the material. In this work, we investigate the sensing performance of epitaxial graphene on Si-face 4H-SiC (EG/SiC) for liquid-phase detection of heavy metals (e.g., Pb). The integration of preparatory steps needed for sample conditioning is included in the sensing platform, exploiting fast prototyping using a 3D printer, which allows direct fabrication of a microfluidic chip incorporating all the features required to connect and execute the Lab-on-chip (LOC) functions. It is demonstrated that interaction of Pb2+ ions in water-based solutions with the EG enhances its conductivity exhibiting a Langmuir correlation between signal and Pb2+ concentration. Several concentrations of Pb2+ solutions ranging from 125 nM to 500 µM were analyzed showing good stability and reproducibility over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018. Vol. 2, no 13, article id 982
Keywords [en]
heavy metals detection; epitaxial graphene; high sensitivity; 3D printed flow cell; reusable lab-on-chip
National Category
Analytical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162243DOI: 10.3390/proceedings2130982OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162243DiVA, id: diva2:1372913
Conference
EUROSENSORS 2018
Available from: 2019-11-25 Created: 2019-11-25 Last updated: 2019-12-03Bibliographically approved

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Santangelo, Maria FrancescaShtepliuk, Ivan I.Puglisi, DonatellaFilippini, DanielYakimova, RositsaEriksson, Jens

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Santangelo, Maria FrancescaShtepliuk, Ivan I.Puglisi, DonatellaFilippini, DanielYakimova, RositsaEriksson, Jens
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Sensor and Actuator SystemsFaculty of Science & EngineeringSemiconductor Materials
Analytical Chemistry

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