Preterm birth or foetal growth impairment and psychiatric hospitalization in adolescence and early adulthood in a Swedish population-based birth cohort
2009 (English)In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-690X, Vol. 119, no 1, 54-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: Preterm birth and restricted foetal growth are related to symptoms of psychiatric disorder. Our aim was therefore to investigate possible relations between being born preterm and/or small for gestational age (SGA) and later psychiatric hospitalization.
Method: A population-based registry study of psychiatric hospitalization of in total 155 994 boys and 148 281 girls born in Sweden in 1973-1975.
Results: The risk of hospitalization for all mental disorders was increased for preterm SGA boys (OR 2.19, 95% CI 1.49-3.21); at-term SGA boys (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.34-1.79); at-term SGA girls (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.15-1.50). At-term SGA boys and girls suffered increased risk of anxiety and adjustment disorders (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.18-2.45 and OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.14-1.94). Preterm SGA boys were at risk of personality disorders (OR 3.30, 95% CI 1.16-9.41) and psychotic disorders (OR 4.36, 95% CI 1.85-10.30).
Conclusion: The results show a relationship between being born SGA and later psychiatric hospitalization, where preterm birth and male gender seem to increase the risk.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 119, no 1, 54-61 p.
birth characteristics, hospitalization, mental illness
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16634DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2008.01267.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16634DiVA: diva2:159546
The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com:
W Monfils Gustafsson, Ann Josefsson, Katarina Ekholm and Gunilla Sydsjö , Preterm birth or foetal growth impairment and psychiatric hospitalization in adolescence and early adulthood in a Swedish population-based birth cohort, 2009, ACTA PSYCHIATRICA SCANDINAVICA, (119), 1, 54-61.
Copyright: Blackwell Publishing Ltd