Non-Invasive Methods for Detecting Drug and Alcohol Impaired Drivers: - a Study of Alcohol and Drug Biomarkers and Optical Detection Techniques
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
In recent years, the use of alcohol and psychoactive drugs in combination withdriving has recieved increased attention. The lack of in-vehicle devices capable ofdetecting recent drug consumption and the difficulties associated with the breathbasedalcolocks in use today makes it interesting to investigate methods that areable to non-invasivelly measure analytes directly in the blood.
The assignment of this project, commissioned by Volvo Technology Corporationand Volvo Car Corporation, is to map substances that constitute a possible threatto traffic safety, identify suitable detection markers as a proof of administrationof these substances, and study possible non-invasive techniques to detect thesemarkers. The objective is to present for Volvo if and how to continue evaluatingand developing a non-invasive detection device.
The project has been carried out by performing an extensive literature study and averification experiment. From the literature review, a number of substances affectingdriving performance could be identified, and a metabolic study was performedfor each drug to map suitable biomarkers. Furthermore, two potential techniquesfor non-invasive detection, near-infrared Raman spectroscopy and near-infraredspectroscopy, were found and evaluated. The experiment was conducted usingnear-infrared Raman spectroscopy, with the aim of investigating the sensitivityand linearity of the method for ethanol detection.
Based on the theoretical evaluation, both near-infrared Raman spectroscopy andnear-infrared spectroscopy are expected to have potential for non-invasive detectionof ethanol. The experiment further proved the theoretical conclusionsmade for near-infrared Raman spectroscopy. However, neither of the techniquesis thought to have potential for drug detection.Altogether, we believe that non-invasive ethanol detection is possible, but suggestfurther experiments in order to determine which technique to be preferred.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 119 p.
Alcohol, Drugs, Biomarkers, Non-Invasive Detection, Spectroscopy
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16645ISRN: LITH-IFM-EX--09/2048--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16645DiVA: diva2:159608
Winquist, Fredrik, Professor