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A Frequency-triplexed RF Front-end for Ultra-wideband Systems 3.1-4.8 GHz
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2117-1178
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2008 (English)In: ISAST Transactions on Electronics and Signal Processing, ISSN 1797-2329, Vol. 1, no 2, 83-88 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A multi-band and ultra-wideband (UWB) 3.1-4.8 GHz receiver front-end consisting of a fully integrated filter and triplexer network, and a flat gain low-noise amplifier (LNA) is presented in this paper. The front-end utilizes a microstrip network and three combined broadside- and edge-coupled bandpass filters to connect the three sub-bands. The LNA design employs dual-section input and output microstrip matching networks for wideband operation with a flat power gain and a low noise figure. The system is fully integrated in a four-metal-layer printed circuit board. The measured power gain is 10 dB and the noise figure of the front-end is 6 dB at each center frequency of the three sub-bands. The minimum isolation between the sub-bands is -27 dB and the isolation between the non-neighboring alternate sub-bands is -52 dB. The out-of-band interferer attenuation is below -30 dB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 1, no 2, 83-88 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12802OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-12802DiVA: diva2:17079
Note
The status of this article was previously Submitted.Available from: 2008-01-07 Created: 2008-01-07 Last updated: 2015-03-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ultra-wideband Antenna and Radio Front-end Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ultra-wideband Antenna and Radio Front-end Systems
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The number of wireless communication applications increase steadily, leading to the competition for currently allocated frequency bands. Pressure on authorities around the world to permit communications in higher and wider frequency ranges to achieve higher wireless capacity than those existed in the past has resulted in several new specifications. The federal communication commission (FCC) in USA has unleashed the band 3.1-10.6 GHz for ultra-wideband radio (UWB) communications. The release has triggered a worldwide interest for UWB. Other regulatory instances throughout the world have issued use of UWB techniques as well. Capacity issues in form of data rate and latency have always been a bottleneck for broadened wireless-communication usages. New communication systems like UWB require larger bandwidth than what is normally utilized with traditional antenna techniques. The interest for compact consumer electronics is growing in the meantime, creating a demand on efficient and low profile antennas which can be integrated on a printed circuit board. In this thesis, some methods to extend the bandwidth and other antenna parameters associated with wideband usages are studied. Furthermore, methods on how to enhance the performance when one antenna-element is not enough are studied as well.

The principle of antenna parallelism is demonstrated using both microstrip patch antennas and inverted-F antennas. Several techniques to combine the antennas in parallel have been evaluated. Firstly, a solution using power-splitters to form sub-arrays that covers one 500-MHz multi-band orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) UWB is shown in Paper I. It is then proposed that the sub-bands are selected with a switching network. A more convenient method is to use the later developed frequency multiplexing technique as described in Paper V and VIII. Using the frequency multiplexing technique, selective connection of any number of antennas to a common junction is possible. The characteristic impedance is chosen freely, typically using a 50-Ω feed-line. Secondly, in Paper VIII a frequency-triplexed inverted-F antenna system is investigated to cover the Mode 1 multi-band UWB bandwidth 3.1-4.8 GHz. The antenna system is composed of three inverted-F antennas and a frequency triplexer including three 5th order bandpass filters. In Paper VI a printed circuit board integrated-triplexer for multi-band UWB radio is presented. The triplexer utilizes a microstrip network and three combined broadside- and edge-coupled filters. The triplexer is fully integrated in a four metal-layer printed circuit board with the minimum requirement on process tolerances. Furthermore, the system is built completely with distributed microstrips, i.e., no discrete components. Using the proposed solution an equal performance between the sub-bands is obtained. Finally suitable monopoles and dipoles are discussed and evaluated for UWB. In Paper X circular monopole and dipole antennas for UWB utilizing the flex-rigid concept are proposed. The flex-rigid concept combines flexible polyimide materials with the regular printed circuit board material. The antennas are placed entirely on the flexible part while the antenna ground plane and the dipole antenna balun are placed in the rigid part.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, 2008. 88 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1146
Keyword
Wireless communication, ultra-wideband, radio communication, UWB bandwidth, antenna parallelism
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-10338 (URN)978-91-85895-36-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-02-29, K2, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2008-01-07 Created: 2008-01-07 Last updated: 2009-05-04
2. Ultra-Wideband Low-Noise Amplifier andSix-Port Transceiver for High Speed DataTransmission
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ultra-Wideband Low-Noise Amplifier andSix-Port Transceiver for High Speed DataTransmission
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today’s data rates in wired networks can reach 100 Gbit/s using optical fiber while data rates in wireless networks are much lower - tens of Mbit/s for 3G mobile communication and 480 Mbit/s for ultra-wideband (UWB) short range wireless communications. This difference in data rates can mainly be explained by the limited allowed frequency spectrum, the nature of the radio signal and the high requirements imposed on all hardware designed for high speed and wideband wireless communications. However, the demand on wireless commercial applications at competitive costs is growing. The first step in regulations allowing higher data rates for wireless communications was taken in 2002, when the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) in USA released unlicensed the 3.1-10.6 GHz frequency band restricting only the power level (maximum mean equivalent isotropic radiated power density of a UWB transmitter is -41.3 dBm/MHz) in the band 3.1-10.6 GHz. But Europe, Japan and recently China have put additional restrictions on the 3.1-4.8 GHz band. The restrictions address the problems that have raised from the coexistence and colocation of the UWB systems with other narrowband wireless systems. Thus, the 6-9 GHz band combined with an increased modulation order scheme is of large interest.

Operating at higher frequency and wider bandwidth than today’s communication technologies, with the general task of maximizing the wireless data rate while keeping the power consumption low, requires new communication system solutions and new circuit design approaches. These new solutions also require understanding of many multi-disciplinary areas which until the recent past were not directly related: from classic analog circuit design to microwave design, from modulation techniques to radio system architecture.

In this thesis, new design techniques for wide bandwidth circuits above 3 GHz are presented. After focusing on ultra-wideband low-noise amplifier (UWB LNA) design for low-power and low-cost applications, the practical implementation and measurement of a 3.1-4.8 GHz UWB LNA is addressed. Passive distributed components of microstrip transmission lines are intensively used and their contribution to the UWB LNA performance is studied. In order to verify the design methodology while extending it to the UWB radio front-end,

the UWB LNA is integrated on the same substrate with a pre-selecting filter with the frequency multiplexing function. In this way, the concept of frequencytriplexed UWB front-end is demonstrated for the Mode 1 multi-band UWB bandwidth 3.1-4.8 GHz. Using the proposed receiver front-end topology, better receiver sensitivity and selective operation can be achieved.

The later part of the thesis investigates ultra-wideband 6-9 GHz receiver and transmitter front-end topologies for Gbit/s data rates and low power consumption. To capture the advantages offered by distributed passive components, both the transmitter and receiver use the six-port correlator as the core of a passive mixer. Modelling and design of the 6-9 GHz UWB front-end transceiver include different receiver topologies and different modulation schemes. Finally, the 7.5 GHz UWB transceiver front-end is implemented and evaluated. Measurement results confirm the large potential of the six-port UWB front-end to achieve multiple Gbit/s data rates. This may open for future solutions to meet the continuous challenge of modern communication systems: higher data rates at low power consumption and low cost.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 82 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1295
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-52954 (URN)978-91-7393-463-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-02-12, K3, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-01-26 Created: 2010-01-14 Last updated: 2015-03-18Bibliographically approved

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Serban, AdrianaKarlsson, MagnusGong, Shaofang

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