CTLA-4 Polymorfism, Type 1 Diabetes-risk Human Leukocyte Antigen-genotypes, insulin gene polymorphism and Regulatory T-cell Marker Expression in 5-year-old children
2006 (English)In: Clinical & Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, Vol. 145, no 1, 48-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are involved in the maintenance of peripheral tolerance by suppression of autoreactive lymphocytes that have avoided thymic depletion. The defective function of Treg cells has recently attracted attention in autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes (T1D), rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Susceptibility to these diseases is associated with specific human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) gene polymorphisms. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between HLA class II and CTLA +49 A/G polymorphisms associated with susceptibility to T1D and the number and characteristics of Treg cells in children. Samples from 47 5-year-old children who participated in the All Babies in South-east Sweden (ABIS) follow-up study were grouped according to the presence of the T1D risk-associated HLA genotype (DQA1*0501–DQB1*0201, DQA1*0301–DQB1*0302) or neutral HLA genotypes. Lower percentages of CD4+ T cells (P = 0·03) and CD4+ CD25high cells (P = 0·06) expressing intracellular CTLA-4 were detected in samples from children with CTLA-4 +49GG compared to children with the +49AA genotype. Similarly, lower percentages of CD4+ (P = 0·002) and CD4+ CD25high (P = 0·002) cells expressing CTLA-4 were observed in children positive for HLA DQA1*0501–DQB1*0201 and DQA1*0301–DQB1*0302 (P = 0·04 for CD4+ and P = 0·02 for CD4+ CD25high) risk haplotypes when compared to children without these alleles. The percentage of CD25high cells among CD4+ cells was correlated inversely with CTLA-4 mRNA expression in PBMC (r = –0·56, P = 0·03). Decreased levels of CTLA-4 in CD4+ and CD4+ CD25high cells in individuals with CTLA-4 and HLA class II alleles associated with T1D may contribute to the initiation and/or progression of autoimmune response.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 145, no 1, 48-55 p.
CTLA-4, HLA, regulatory T cells
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12877DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2249.2006.03106.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-12877DiVA: diva2:17267