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Work functioning - a conceptual framework
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2004 (English)In: Work, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 23, no 2, 147-157 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adequate and reliable methods for evaluation of clients with work disabilities are crucial for both the individuals who are assessed and for society as a whole. Sound and precise work assessments are needed to guide clients to suitable interventions using a minimum of rehabilitation resources [31,46,51,68]. Occupational therapy literature contains evidence that work function assessments are complex and that there is confusion over work assessment concepts [30,31]. Therefore, further development and evaluation of adequate concepts and theoretical models within the area of work assessment is needed [68,74]. This article proposes a conceptual framework for different dimensions of work functioning and points out important factors for work assessment. The concepts proposed and defined in the article are: work functioning, work participation, work performance, and individual capacity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 23, no 2, 147-157 p.
Keyword [en]
occupational therapy, ability, performance, capacity, assessment
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12892OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-12892DiVA: diva2:17308
Available from: 2008-01-21 Created: 2008-01-21 Last updated: 2009-06-03
In thesis
1. Development and Evaluation of Validity and Utility of the Instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development and Evaluation of Validity and Utility of the Instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The last decades have shown a great need for vocational rehabilitation due to high levels of absenteeism due to sickness and disability pension. An essential part of the vocational rehabilitation process is assessment of persons with reduced work functioning. Adequate and reliable methods for assessment of clients with work disabilities are crucial for both the individuals who are assessed and for society as a whole. Sound and precise work assessments are needed to guide clients to suitable interventions using a minimum of rehabilitation resources. However, work function assessments are complex and there is confusion over work assessment concepts. Therefore, further development and evaluation of adequate concepts and theoretical models within the area of work assessment is needed. Furthermore, vocational rehabilitation lacks adequate and reliable assessment instruments, especially instruments used to observe clients.

This dissertation thesis focuses specifically on the following:

- Development of a conceptual framework for assessment of work functioning [Study I]

- Development and evaluation of validity and utility of the observation instrument Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) [Study II-IV]

Study I proposes a conceptual framework for different dimensions of work functioning and highlights important factors for work assessment. The study also creates a framework to define the purpose, delimination, and possible assessment outcomes of the assessment instrument AWP.

Study II develops an observation instrument for assessment of work performance, the Assessment of Work Performance (AWP) and conducts an initial evaluation of face validity and utility for the instrument. The initial evaluation in study II was made within a group of 21 assessors in Sweden, and the result indicated face validity and utility for the AWP, a result that supported further development and evaluation of the instrument.

Study III investigates the content validity and utility of the AWP. A questionnaire was answered by 67 respondents who used the AWP in various vocational rehabilitation settings in Sweden. The result indicated content validity and utility for the AWP.

Study IV investigates the construct validity of the instrument AWP. This study is based on 364 assessments with the AWP (version 1.1). The clients had various work-related problems and went through an insurance medicine investigation at a Social Insurance Office in Sweden between 2004 and 2005. The major findings in this study indicated that the AWP has construct validity, sensitivity, and the ability to discriminate between clients. It is also gender neutral.

The future evaluation of AWP will comprise testing of predictive validity, inter-rater reliability and internal consistency reliability as well as an evaluation of how and with what results the instrument can be combined with other work-related assessment instruments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, 2007. 20 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1009
Keyword
ability, measurement, MOHO, occupational therapy, rehabilitation, vocational
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-10577 (URN)978-91-85831-04-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-09-25, K1, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, LiU, Norrköping, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-01-21 Created: 2008-01-21 Last updated: 2009-08-22

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Sandqvist, JanHenriksson, Chris

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