Factors associated with patients self-reported adherence to prescribed physical activity in routine primary health care
2010 (English)In: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 11, no 38Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Written prescriptions of physical activity, so‐called physical activity referral (PAR) schemes, have increased in popularity in recent years. Such schemes have mostly been evaluated in terms of efficacy. This study reports on a Swedish PAR scheme implemented in routine primary health care (PHC) measuring patients’ self‐reported adherence to physical activity prescriptions. The aim of this study was to evaluate adherence to physical activity prescriptions issued in everyday PHC at 3 and 12 months and to analyse the different characteristics associated with adherence to these prescriptions.
Methods: Prospective prescription data were obtained for 37 of the 42 PHC centres in Östergötland County, Sweden, during 2004. The study population consisted of 3300 patients issued PARs by ordinary PHC staff members. Odds ratios were calculated to identify the factors associated with adherence.
Results: The average adherence rate was 56% at 3 months and 50% at 12 months. In the descriptive analyses, higher adherence was associated with increased age, higher activity level at baseline, home‐based activities, prescriptions issued by professional groups other than physicians, and among patients issued PARs due to diabetes, high blood pressure and “other PAR reasons”. In the multiple logistic regression models, higher adherence was associated with higher activity level at baseline, and to prescriptions including home‐based activities, both at 3 and 12 months.
Conclusions: Prescriptions from ordinary staff in routine PHC yielded adherence in 50% of the patients in this routine care PAR scheme follow‐up. Patients’ activity level at baseline (being at least somewhat physically inactive) and being issued homebased activities were associated with higher adherence at both 3 and 12 months.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: BioMed Central, 2010. Vol. 11, no 38
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16824DOI: 10.1186/1471-2296-11-38ISI: 000279851800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16824DiVA: diva2:174275
Original Publication:Matti E. Leijon, Preben Bendtsen, Agneta Stahle, Kerstin Ekberg, Karin Festin and Per Nilsen, Factors associated with patients self-reported adherence to prescribed physical activity in routine primary health care, 2010, BMC Family Practice, (11), 38.http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2296-11-38Licensee: BioMed Centralhttp://www.biomedcentral.com/2009-02-202009-02-202014-01-21Bibliographically approved