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Local magnetovolume effects in Fe65Ni35 alloys
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2009 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, Vol. 79, no 1, 014202- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A systematic ab initio study of static ionic displacements in a face-centered-cubic Fe65Ni35 alloy has been carried out. Theoretical results for magnitudes of average Fe-Fe, Fe-Ni, and Ni-Ni < 110 > bond vectors agree well with experimental measurements. In addition, we have observed that in collinear ferrimagnetic states, iron-iron nearest-neighbor pairs with antiparallel local magnetic moments are shorter on average than those with parallel moments. Furthermore, having considered different states (ferromagnetic, nonmagnetic, and collinear ferrimagnetic states) for the same lattice spacing, we have shown that the magnetic structure strongly influences local geometrical properties of the alloy. For example, a transition from a ferromagnetic state to a collinear ferrimagnetic state induces a significant contraction of the volume associated with an iron site where the moment flips. A model system based on a Hamiltonian written as the sum of Lennard-Jones energies and a classical Heisenberg Hamiltonian has been introduced. It yields structural properties which are qualitatively similar to those obtained ab initio. We have found that some of the phenomena can be classified as magnetovolume effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physical Society , 2009. Vol. 79, no 1, 014202- p.
Keyword [en]
ab initio calculations, ferrimagnetic materials, ferromagnetic materials, Lennard-Jones potential, local moments, magnetic structure, Permalloy
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16834DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.014202OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16834DiVA: diva2:174377
Available from: 2009-02-21 Created: 2009-02-20 Last updated: 2009-03-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Thermal Expansion and Local Environment Effects in Ferromagnetic Iron-Based Alloys: A Theoretical Study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Thermal Expansion and Local Environment Effects in Ferromagnetic Iron-Based Alloys: A Theoretical Study
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Nobel Prize for Physics 1920 was awarded to C.-E. Guillaume for his discovery of properties of nickel steels. He had previously observed that certain iron-nickel alloys exhibit the Invar effect i.e. an extremely low thermal expansion coefficient over a wide range of temperature. The decades since then have seen the observation of similar phenomena in other iron-based materials such as iron-platinum and iron-palladium. Moreover, there has been a great deal of theoretical work on the mechanism behind the Invar anomaly in the above-mentioned systems. However, despite many years of intensive research, a widely accepted microscopic theory of the effects is still lacking.

The present thesis aims at providing an insight into the physical nature of the thermal expansion of ferromagnetic random face-centered cubic iron-nickel, ironplatinum and iron-palladium bulk solids.

First, the thermal expansion coefficient is modeled as a function of temperature. The theory relies on the disordered local moment (DLM) formalism. However, contrary to all the previous models, the mapping between equilibrium states and partially disordered local moment (PDLM) states involves the probability that an iron-iron nearest-neighbour pair shows anti-parallel local magnetic moments, and the average lattice constant of the system at a finite temperature is calculated by minimization of an energy. The approach is applied to iron-nickel alloys. The model qualitatively reproduces several experimentally observed properties of disordered fcc iron-nickel solids. This includes Guillaume’s famous plot of the thermal expansion coefficient at room temperature as a function of concentration.

Second, for the purpose of studying the origin of the anomalous expansion, the anomalous and normal contributions to the thermal expansion coefficient are defined, then evaluated for iron-nickel alloys. The results support the idea that the peculiar behaviour of the expansivity, , originates solely from the anomalous contribution,αa.

Subsequently, the anomalous contribution is modeled for iron-nickel systems. In formulating the model, the following observation is taken into account; the average lattice spacing of an Fe100−xNix alloy at temperature T in a partially disordered local moment state is strongly negatively correlated with the probability that a nearest-neighbour pair has each of its two sites occupied by an iron atom and exhibits anti-ferromagnetically aligned magnetic moments (XFFAP). The quantity αa(x, T ) is estimated for several couples of values of the parameters x and T . Model results are found to agree qualitatively and quantitatively well with data obtained from the definition of αa. Thus, the model can successfully explain the basic process leading to the anomalous thermal expansion. It is consistent with the theory that the coefficient αa is controlled by the temperature derivative of XFFAP. Finally, the anomalous contribution to the thermal expansion coefficient of Fe72Pt28 and Fe66Pd34 solids is modeled as that of Fe65Ni35. A good agreement between the model results and experimental data for the expansivity as a function of temperature is noted. In conclusion, the Invar effects in disordered fcc iron-nickel, iron-platinum and iron-palladium alloys may have a common origin.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009. 49 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1245
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17433 (URN)978-91-7393-682-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-04-03, Planck, Fysikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-03-24 Created: 2009-03-24 Last updated: 2009-03-24Bibliographically approved

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Liot, FrancoisAbrikosov , Igor

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