JNK mediates UVB-induced apoptosis upstream lysosomal membrane permeabilization and Bcl-2 family proteins
2008 (English)In: Apoptosis (London), ISSN 1360-8185, Vol. 13, no 9, 1111-1120 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
UVB irradiation induced phosphorylation of JNK and subsequent apoptosis in human melanocytes. Depletion of both JNK1 and JNK2 expression using siRNA transfection, protected against apoptosis, as detected by decreased nuclear fragmentation and caspase-3 activity, as well as reduced translocation of Bax to mitochondria. Moreover, release of cathepsin B and D from lysosomes to the cytosol was reduced when JNK expression was suppressed by siRNA, demonstrating a JNK dependent regulation of lysosomal membrane permeabilization. In unirradiated control melanocytes, coimmunoprecipitation showed that Bim was sequestered by Mcl-1, which had a pro-survival function. After UVB irradiation, a significant decrease in Mcl-1 protein level was found, which was prevented by addition of a proteasome inhibitor. The interaction between Bim and Mcl-1 was reduced in response to UVB irradiation and Bim was phosphorylated in a JNK dependent manner. In conclusion, these findings Suggest JNK to have an important pro-apoptotic function following UVB irradiation in human melanocytes, by acting upstream of lysosomal membrane permeabilization and Bim phosphorylation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 13, no 9, 1111-1120 p.
UV, Cathepsin, JNK, Mcl-1, Bim
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16886DOI: 10.1007/s10495-008-0240-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16886DiVA: diva2:174433
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com:
Cecilia Bivik and Karin Öllinger, JNK mediates UVB-induced apoptosis upstream lysosomal membrane permeabilization and Bcl-2 family proteins, 2008, Apoptosis (London), (13), 9, 1111-1120.
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