Local Delivery of Bisphosphonates from FibMat Matrix
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Improving the functionality and reducing revision rates are important driving forces in the development of orthopaedic implants. FibMat is a fibrinogen based matrix developed towards commercialisation by the company Optovent AB. This matrix can be coated on implants and act as a local drug delivery system for bisphosphonates (BPs). BPs are drugs inhibiting bone resorption, and applied with FibMat to improve stability of implants in bone, e.g. when fixing bone fractures. In this thesis, FibMat loaded with BP (FibMat/BP) was coated on stainless-steel screws and titanium screws in order to investigate some technology properties relevant to its clinical applicability. Bone-mimicking materials were used to study scrape-off effect upon insertion. The coagulation properties of fibrinogen as well as the structural properties of BPs were studied after exposure to gamma radiation.
The screws were coated with FibMat and BP (alendronate and 14C-alendronate) using standard coupling techniques. The total amount and distribution of BP after insertion was measured by liquid scintillation and autoradiography. Coagulation assays were performed in order to determine the coagulation properties of fibrinogen, exposed to doses up to 35 kGy, mixed with thrombin. The structural properties of four different BPs (alendronate, pamidronate, zoledronate and ibandronate), exposed to doses up to 35 kGy were analysed by transmission infrared spectroscopy.
The results show that FibMat/BP coating on porous stainless-steel screws is virtually unaffected by insertion into bone materials. The anodised, planar titanium screws are more affected by the insertion process, but an even BP distribution in the cancellous material is indicated. The coagulation assays show that gamma-irradiated fibrinogen has a slower coagulation process compared to non-irradiated fibrinogen and form interrupted network unable to clot. The chemical structures of the BPs seem unaffected by exposure to gamma irradiation. In conclusion, the FibMat/BP is a promising technology for local distribution of BP in conjunction with bone implants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi , 2008. , 70 p.
FibMat, matrix, bisphosphonate, fibrinogen, thrombin, implant, coagulation assay, gamma irradiation, bone resorption, liquid scintillation, autoradiography, local delivery, drug
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11053ISRN: LiTH-IFM-Ex-1910OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-11053DiVA: diva2:17509
2008-02-08, Planck, Fysikhuset, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15