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I skärningspunkten mellan det globala och det lokala: Tolkningsprocesser och koalitionsbyggande i organiseringen av lokala sociala forum
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
2008 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

World Social Forum, and the worldwide appearance of regional, national and local Social Forums (SF), is an important part of the movement for global justice. The aim of this thesis is to explore how the SF as a global phenomenon is interpreted and staged locally in Sweden. Central questions are: What local meanings are given to the SF phenomenon when it is introduced and organized in a local context? What relations are created between the various actors in this organizational process in terms of coalitions and power relations? How do the SFs relate to the Swedish institutionalized popular adult education? These questions are explored in the four articles on which this thesis rests. Ethnographic field studies of local organizational processes constitute the empirical basis of theoretically informed hermeneutic interpretations. A neo-gramscian perspective is used to analyze the SF as a potentially counter-hegemonic popular education phenomenon. This perspective has been complemented by mainly two theoretical concepts, that is, framing and symbolic capital. Results demonstrate how the emergence of SFs in Sweden is characterized by a widespread desire among various activists and organizations to build coalitions. In the establishment of SFs the institutionalized popular adult education play both the role of a source of economic and material resources and of being a link between various organizations. However, in the wide and formally open organizational process, specific distinctions and hierarchies arise that might neutralize the SF’s ideological impact and its potential for counter-hegemonic coalition construction. Finally, a Swedish academic debate on the concept of “folkbildning” (popular adult education) is addressed. It is argued that there is a need to widen the scope of this debate to more frequently focus on global (popular) educational phenomena (such as the social forums) in research on “folkbildning”, and not only pay attention to “typical” national or Nordic institutions and traditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande , 2008. , 87 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Behavioural Science, ISSN 1654-2029 ; 125
Keyword [en]
Social Forums, popular adult education, ethnography, counter-hegemonic coalitions, framing, symbolic capital.
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11085ISBN: 978-91-85523-00-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-11085DiVA: diva2:17526
Public defence
2008-01-31, I:101, Hus I, Campus Valla, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-02-20 Created: 2008-02-20 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Folkbildning som mothegemonisk praktik?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Folkbildning som mothegemonisk praktik?
2002 (Swedish)In: Utbildning och demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, Vol. 11, no 2, 15-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focuses on social movements as learning sites in Gramscian terms of hegemony and counter-hegemony. The author relates the emancipatorial aspects of the Swedish tradition of liberal adult education, to the early 2000s new (and older) social movements challenging for example neo-liberal and corporate globalization. Hence the article presents a perspective on learning environments and public spheres created within progressive social movements as possible sites of counter-hegemonic activity. 

Keyword
folkbildning, mothegemoni, sociala rörelser, sociala forum, hegemoni, Gramsci, folkrörelser, politisk mobilisering, world social forum
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12950 (URN)
Available from: 2010-02-02 Created: 2009-02-25 Last updated: 2010-09-23Bibliographically approved
2. Kooptering eller mothegemonisk mobilisering?: Om samspelet mellan den globala rättviserörelsen och den institutionaliserade folkbildningen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kooptering eller mothegemonisk mobilisering?: Om samspelet mellan den globala rättviserörelsen och den institutionaliserade folkbildningen
2007 (Swedish)In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 12, no 1, 39-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I artikeln analyseras samspelet mellan den globala rättviserörel-sen och det svenska folkbildningsväsendet. Etnografiska fältstudier, dokumentana-lyser och enkätmaterial utgör den empiriska grunden för en fallstudie av interak-tionen mellan ABF och denna nya globala rörelse, med tonvikt på framväxten av lokala sociala forum. Begreppen mothegemonisk mobilisering och kooptering an-vänds för att analysera och diskutera samspelets påverkan på den globala rättviserö-relsens förmåga att utmana den dominerande samhällsordningen. Resultatet visar att samspelet präglas av en påtaglig organisatorisk integrering, förenande politiska teman samt överlappning i form av deltagare som bevistar både äldre folkbildnings-aktiviteter som studiecirklar och de nya sociala forumen. Detta understryker beho-vet av att problematisera föreställningar om konfliktförhållanden mellan »nya» och »gamla» rörelser, liksom denna statiska uppdelning i sig. I analysen framhålls att samverkan mellan ABF och den globala rättviserörelsen, inte främst bör reduceras till en fråga om statlig kooptering av radikala krafter i civilsamhället. Snarare aktualiserar studien behovet av att se konfliktlinjer som skär tvärs igenom staten och civilsamhället.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-52223 (URN)
Available from: 2010-03-23 Created: 2009-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
3. Making Sense of the Social Forum: On the Local Framing of a Fashionable Global Symbol
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making Sense of the Social Forum: On the Local Framing of a Fashionable Global Symbol
2009 (English)In: Journal of contemporary ethnography, ISSN 0891-2416, E-ISSN 1552-5414, Vol. 38, no 4, 435-464 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The worldwide emergence of Social Forums (SF), originating from Porto Alegre (Brazil) in 2001, is a key element in the movement for global justice. A growing body of literature on the forums concerns its function as a transnational venue for civil society and a global symbol for resistance against neoliberalism. However, little empirical research is carried out on the local meanings of the widespread SFs. This article reports on a case study on the organizational process of a local forum in a Swedish town. The analysis focuses on intracoalitional interaction among activists from the labor movement, Attac, and a local cultural institution. The importance of considering local framing processes and the often-neglected influence of fashion when studying the emergence of SFs is emphasized. Findings show how the dichotomy the Old versus the New became crucial in the framing process. Framed as a novelty contrasted with "old" socialist values, the SF was rejected by the labor movement activists as just another expression of a contemporary neoliberal trend of depoliticization. Implications for the study of the social forum phenomenon are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2009
Keyword
social movement organizations; social forums; framing; fashion
National Category
Social Anthropology Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20081 (URN)10.1177/0891241608330355 (DOI)
Note
The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in: Journal of contemporary ethnography, (38), 4, 435-464, 2009. Henrik Nordvall, Making Sense of the Social Forum: On the Local Framing of a Fashionable Global Symbol http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0891241608330355 by SAGE Publications Ltd, All rights reserved. http://www.uk.sagepub.com/ Available from: 2009-08-27 Created: 2009-08-27 Last updated: 2017-12-13
4. Publikdragande namn eller aktivister med drag i?: Om symboliskt kapital i organiseringen av ett lokalt socialt forum.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Publikdragande namn eller aktivister med drag i?: Om symboliskt kapital i organiseringen av ett lokalt socialt forum.
2010 (English)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 47, no 2, 73-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

 

[Title in English:Crowd-pulling names or energetic activists? – On symbolic capital as a power resource in the local organizational work within the global justice movement] 

The article explores the global emergence of local Social Forums by means of an ethnographic study of the organization of the Stockholm Social Forum. In international academic debate, the forums are often discussed as a "globalization from below" and a new deliberative democratic process. However, empirical research on the organizational process, and its power relations, has been very limited. The theoretical concept symbolic capital (Bourdieu) and concepts from conversation analysis (CA) are used to analyze how power in terms of priority of interpretation is constructed in conversations between activists with differing political backgrounds. A detailed empirical analysis is based on the case of an internal discussion about inviting keynote speakers to the local forum. The results show how transnational networks and specific knowledge about the global social forum process became symbolic capital in the organizational process. Holders of this specific form of symbolic capital gained priority of interpretation in the internal discussions. This had an impact on the practical outcome of the organizational process in terms of the symbolic framing of the Social Forum. It is argued that the social forum process produces specific forms of cultural distinctions, social hierarchies and patterns of exclusion.

Keyword
Social Forums, symbolic capital, power in social movements, ethnography, global justice movement
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12953 (URN)000279175300005 ()
Available from: 2008-02-20 Created: 2008-02-20 Last updated: 2017-12-13

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