Systemic immune challenge induces preproenkephalin gene transcription in distinct autonomic structures of the rat brain
2003 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Neurology, ISSN 0021-9967 (print), 1096-9861 (online), Vol. 462, no 4, 450-461 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The involvement of enkephalins in the immune response was investigated in rats injected intravenously with interleukin-1 (2 g/kg). In situ hybridization with a riboprobe complementary to intron A of the preproenkephalin (ppENK) gene showed distinct transcriptional activation within several brain regions known to be activated by immune stimuli, including the nucleus of the solitary tract, the area postrema, the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, and the oval nucleus of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, and dual labeling confirmed that a large proportion of the intron expressing neurons co-expressed c-fos mRNA. Rats injected with saline (controls) showed little or no heteronuclear transcript in these structures. The induced signal was strongest after 1 hour but was present in some structures 30 minutes after interleukin-1 injection. At 3 hours, transcriptional activity returned to basal levels. High basal expression of the heteronuclear transcript that appeared unchanged by the immune stimulus was seen in regions not primarily involved in the immune response, such as the striatum, the olfactory tubercle, and the islands of Calleja and in the immune activated central nucleus of the amygdala. The heteronuclear transcript colocalized with ppENK mRNA, demonstrating that it occurred in enkephalinergic neurons and was not the result of alternative transcription from the ppENK gene in other cells. These results demonstrated that enkephalin transcription is induced in central autonomic neurons during immune challenge, suggesting that enkephalins are involved in the centrally orchestrated response to such stimuli.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 462, no 4, 450-461 p.
interleukin, enkephalin, heteronuclear RNA, brainstem, neuroendocrine, in situ hybridization
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12955DOI: 10.1002/cne.10770OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-12955DiVA: diva2:17531