Fibre-optic array for curvature assessment: application in otitis diagnosis
2004 (English)In: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, ISSN 0140-0118, Vol. 42, no 2, 245-252 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A contact-free sensor consisting of two parallel optical-fibre arrays was designed to assess surface shapes of diffusely scattering media. By sequentially illuminating objects using one fibre array and detecting the diffusely back-scattered photons by the other, a source-detector intensity matrix was formed, where the matrix element (i, j) was the intensity at detector j when light source i was excited. Experimental data from convex and concave polyacetal plastic surfaces were recorded. A mathematical model was used for simulating source-detector intensity matrices for the surfaces analysed in the experiments. Experimental results from the system were compared with the theoretically expected results provided by the mathematical model. The shape and relative amplitude showed similar behaviour in the experiments and simulations. A convex/concave discriminator index D, representing the detected intensity difference between two source-detector separations, was defined. The relative dynamic range of D, defined as the difference between the maximum and the minimum divided by the mean of the index, was 1.37 for convex surfaces and 0.68 for concave surfaces, at a measuring distance of 4.5mm. The index D was positive for convex surfaces and negative for concave surfaces, which showed that the system could distinguish between convex and concave surfaces, an important result for the diagnosis of otitis media.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 42, no 2, 245-252 p.
Diffuse reflection, Optical imaging, Otitis media, Surface shape identification
National CategoryMedical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13008DOI: 10.1007/BF02344638OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13008DiVA: diva2:17658