Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy of the human tympanic membrane in otitis media
2004 (English)In: Physiological Measurement, ISSN 0967-3334 (print) 1361-6579 (online), Vol. 25, no 6, 1473-1483 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have investigated if features in the diffuse reflectance spectra from in vivo spectroscopic measurements of the tympanic membrane could aid the diagnosis of otitis media in children. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, in the visible wavelength range, was used in 15 ears from children with otitis media with effusion before and after myringotomy and in 15 healthy ears as a reference. Two previously published erythema detection algorithms yielded numerical quantities of haemoglobin content. With a combination of the algorithms, induced erythema (after myringotomy) was distinguished from healthy ears using Student's t-test (p < 0.01). Otitis media with mucous effusion was distinguished from (1) otitis media with serous effusion, (2) induced erythema and (3) healthy ears, (p < 0.05) using Student's t-test for independent groups and the paired t-test for dependent groups. Our results imply that reflectance spectroscopy is a promising technique to be used for the diagnosis of otitis media.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 25, no 6, 1473-1483 p.
diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, otitis media, tympanic membrane, erythema
Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13009DOI: 10.1088/0967-3334/25/6/012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13009DiVA: diva2:17659