Two Types of Learning Environment: Enabling and Constraining A Study of Care Work
2008 (English)In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, Vol. 20, no 2, 84-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: First, to elaborate on the notion of a learning environment based on an empirical study of care work. Second, to explore how aspects of a learning environment may differ between and within units in the same organization, and how to understand and explain such differences.
Methodology/approach: The study was based on a multiple case-study design including four departments within two care units. Data were collected through direct observation of working conditions and work practices as well as semi-structured interviews with all care-workers within the two units (29 persons), and with the head and deputy head for each of the two units.
Findings: It was possible to distinguish between two qualitatively different patterns of working conditions and practices within the four teams. These patterns of practice were interpreted as representing an enabling and a constraining type of learning environment as these concepts were defined in this study. The evidence suggest that the emergence of an enabling learning environment was an outcome of a dynamic interplay between a number of factors that had the character of a virtuous circle.
Originality/value: The article adds to previous research through a distinction between two types of learning environment (enabling and constraining), and by linking these two types of learning environment to different conceptions of learning and to different working conditions and practices.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande , 2008. Vol. 20, no 2, 84-97 p.
learning environment, adaptive learning, developmental learning, learning readiness, working conditions, care work
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11414DOI: 10.1108/13665620810852250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-11414DiVA: diva2:17821
Original publication: Eva Ellström, Bodil Ekholm & Per-Erik Ellström, Two Types of Learning Environment: Enabling and Constraining A Study of Care Work, 2008, Journal of Workplace Learning, (20), 2, 84-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13665620810852250. Copyright: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, http://www.emeraldinsight.com/2008-03-282008-03-282012-06-11Bibliographically approved