Prediction and Modelling of Fastener Flexibility Using FE
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
This report investigates the feasibility and accuracy of determining fastener flexibility with 3D FE and representing fasteners in FE load distribution models with simple elements such as springs or beams. A detailed study of 3D models compared to experimental data is followed by a parametric study of different shell modelling techniques. These are evaluated and compared with industry semi-empirical equations.
The evaluated 3D models were found to match the experimental values with good precision. Simulations based on these types of 3D models may replace experimental tests. Two different modelling techniques were also evaluated for use in load distribution models. Both were verified to work very well with representing fastener installations in lap-joints using the ABAQUS/Standard solver. Further improvement of one of the models was made through a modification scale factor. Finally, the same modelling technique was verified using the NASTRAN solver.
To summarize, it is concluded that:
• Detailed 3D-models with material properties defined from stress-strain curves correspond well to experiments and simulations may replace actual flexibility tests.
• At mid-surface modelling of the connecting parts, beam elements with a circular cross section as a connector between shell elements is an easy and accurate modelling technique, with the only data input of bolt material and dimension.
• Using connector elements is accurate only if the connecting parts are modelled in the same plane, i.e. with no offset. Secondary bending due to offset should only be accounted for once and only once throughout the analysis, and it is already included in the flexibility input.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling , 2008. , 46 p.
finite element method, load distribution, flexibility, fastener, 3D FE, beam, connector
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11428ISRN: LIU-IEI-TEK-A--08/00368--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-11428DiVA: diva2:17841
2008-03-20, Bach, A-huset, LiU, Linköping, 10:30