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Samtalat skolledarskap: kategoriserings- och identitetsarbete i interaktion
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2007 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Doing School Leadership : Categorization and Identity Work in Interaction (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie är att visa hur skolorganisation, skolledning och skolledaridentiteter produceras, formas och omformas i samtalad interaktion samt att visa vilka diskursiva metoder som de samtalande använder för att bygga upp sina begrepp och kategorier och samtidigt göra dem socialt acceptabla i sitt sammanhang. Jag har tagit teoretisk och analytisk utgångspunkt i etnometodologi, socialkonstruktionism och kategoriseringsanalys. Det empiriska materialet består av inspelade ledningsgruppsmöten, som transkriberats noggrant, från en grundskola och två gymnasieskolor, samt intervjuer med tre skolledare.

De empiriska studierna presenteras i fyra delstudier, där delstudie I visar hur intervjuare och intervjuad gemensamt bygger upp relevanta ategorier med hjälp av bland annat tidsbegrepp. I delstudie II analyseras hur skolledare i ett arbetslagsledarmöte gemensamt skapar den lokalt producerade organisationen-i-handling. Delstudie III fokuserar hur citeringar av sig själv och andra används i mötessamtal för att forma kategorier och delstudie IV inriktas mot att se hur deltagarna i de probleminriktade samtalen orienterar emot teamet och hur ’vi’ som grupp formas.

I samtliga delstudier fokuseras hur kategoriserandet samtidigt är identitetsskapande. De samtalande framställer sig själva som bland annat problemlösare, nytänkare, förändrare och annorlunda än ’de andra’. Kategoriseringsarbete har visat sig ha stor betydelse för interaktionen och identitetsarbete är en viktig del av det som sker i mötessamtal. Skolledning framstår som bland annat gemensamt producerat och inte enbart som ett heroiskt ensamarbete. Tal och samtal kan beskrivas som en viktig del av och i ledningsarbetet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to show how school organization, school leadership and school leader identities are produced, formulated and transformed in talkin-interaction, and to show methods members use to build concepts and categories making them socially acceptable, in situ. My theoretical points of departure and analytical tools are ethnomethodology, social constructionism and membership categorization analysis. The empirical material consists of recorded talk sequences at regular meetings of school management teams, transcribed in detail, at one primary school and two secondary schools, and interviews with three assistant principals.

The analysis of the empirical material is presented in four studies. tudy I shows how the interviewer and interviewee jointly construct relevant categories, using temporal terms as well as other resources. Study II analyzes how school leaders at a team meeting collectively create the organization-in-action. The focus of study III is on how team members use reported speech to produce categories, while study IV is oriented towards how we as a team is produced.

All studies focus on categorization work as identity work. The team members and the interviewees give attributes to and make categorizations of themselves and others in order to produce themselves as problem-solvers, innovative, progressive and different. Categorization work has proven highly significant in the interaction, and identity work is an important component of the actions accomplished in the analyzed meetings. School leadership is not produced as a lone heroic effort, but rather as something created by members in interaction. Talk-in-interaction can be described as an important part of and in leadership work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2007. , 214 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Education and Psychology, ISSN 1102-7517 ; 112
Keyword [en]
School leadership, school management, educational management, membership categorization analysis, identity work, talk-in-interaction, meeting, interview, ethnomethodology, social constructionism
Keyword [sv]
Skolledning, skolledare, kategoriserings- och konversationsanalys, identitetsarbete, interaktion, samtal, mötessamtal, intervjusamtal, etnometodologi, socialkonstruktionism
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11458ISBN: 91-85643-15-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-11458DiVA: diva2:17896
Public defence
2007-02-09, Filharmonin, Hus Verktyget, Mälardalens Högskola, Eskilstuna, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-04-14 Created: 2008-04-14 Last updated: 2014-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Nordzell, Anita

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