Effects of ion-assisted growth on the layer definition in Cr/Sc multilayers
2008 (English)In: Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, Vol. 516, no 6, 982-990 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nano-structural evolution of layer morphology and interfacial roughness in Cr/Sc metal multilayers grown with ion assistance during magnetron sputter deposition has been investigated by high resolution transmission electron microscopy and hard X-ray reflectivity. Calculations based on a binary collision model predict an ion-assisted growth window for optimized Cr/Sc multilayer interface sharpness, within the ion energy range of 21 eV to 37 eV and an ion flux of 10 ions per deposited atom. Multilayers with nominal modulation periods in the range of 1.6 nm to 10.2 nm, grown with these conditions, exhibit a well-defined layer structure with an improved flattening and abruptness of the interfaces. It is shown that multilayers with a modulation period smaller than 3.4 nm have clear benefit from the reduced intermixing obtained by utilizing a two-stage ion energy modulation for each individual layer. The amorphization of Sc and Cr layers, below certain thicknesses, is found to be independent of the low energy ion-assistance. It is also shown that the Cr/Sc multilayers, containing periods less than 2 nm are ‘self healing’ i.e. they re-gain abrupt interfaces and flat layers after morphological disturbances during ion assisted growth. In comparison, multilayers grown without ion-assistance exhibited severe roughness and layer distortions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi , 2008. Vol. 516, no 6, 982-990 p.
Multilayers, X-ray mirrors, Ion assistance, Magnetron sputtering, Cr/Sc multilayers, Interface engineering, Optical coatings, Surface roughness
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11487DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2007.06.108OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-11487DiVA: diva2:17913
Original publication: N. Ghafoor, F. Eriksson, P.O.Å. Persson, L. Hultman and J. Birch, Effects of ion-assisted growth on the layer definition in Cr/Sc multilayers, 2008, Thin Solid Films, (516), 6, 982-990. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2007.06.108. Copyright: Elsevier B.V., http://www.elsevier.com/2008-04-042008-04-042016-08-31