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Doxycycline impairs tendon repair in rats
Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2006 (English)In: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica, ISSN 0001-6462, Vol. 72, no 6, 756-760 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Doxycycline exhibits various effects apart from its antimicrobial activity, such as inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). MMPs, mainly collagenases and gelatinases, are capable of degrading virtually all constituents of the extracellular matrix and are critical to connective tissue remodelling and healing. We therefore hypothesised that doxycycline would negatively influence the rat tendon healing process and impede tendon regeneration. The Achilles tendon of 60 Sprague Dawley rats was transected transversely. The animals were treated with doxycycline, 130 mg/kg body weight/day. The healing tendons were evaluated mechanically at 5, 8 and 14 days. Doxycycline significantly decreased force at failure (p < 0.005) and energy uptake (p < 0.001). Doxycycline serum concentration was 3.4 (SD 1.0) µg/ml. In conclusion, tendon healing can be affected by doxycycline at clinically relevant serum concentrations. This observation might be of relevance to further studies exploring effects of MMP-inhibitors on tendon tissue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bruxelles: Acta Medica Belgica , 2006. Vol. 72, no 6, 756-760 p.
Keyword [en]
tendon repair ; doxycycline ; matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13148PubMedID: 17260615OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13148DiVA: diva2:17915
Available from: 2008-05-07 Created: 2008-05-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Towards surgical use of matrix metalloproteinase biology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards surgical use of matrix metalloproteinase biology
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), such as collagenases, are a family of enzymes capable of degrading most constituents of the extracellular matrix. MMPs are thought to be involved in the aetiopathogenesis of tendon rupture. Additionally, failure of healing has in some instances been associated with elevated levels of MMPs. We have studied (a) the effects of the MMP-inhibitor doxycycline on healing of tendons and intestines in experimental models and (b) systemic levels of MMPs and their endogenous inhibitors (TIMPs) in patients with tendon rupture.

In the first study, systemic doxycycline treatment lead to weakened rat Achilles tendons during healing after injury.

Subsequently, systemic doxycycline was shown to improve biomechanical properties of tendon suture fixation in the rat Achilles tendon. Sutures were also coated with doxycycline, leading to similar improvement in mechanical strength of the suture construct during healing.

In the third study, doxycycline-coated sutures improved the strength of healing intestinal anastomoses in an experimental model.

Finally, we showed that patients with a history of Achilles tendon rupture had elevated levels of MMP-2, MMP-7 and TIMP-2 in serum. In addition, MMP-7 correlated inversely to mechanical strength of the tendon during healing.

In conclusion, MMP-inhibitors can be administered systemically and locally to manipulate healing of tendons and intestines. Generalised alterations in the MMP-TIMP system may be involved in the pathogenesis of Achilles tendon rupture and associated with differences in outcome of healing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping University Electronic Press, 2008. 61 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1057
Keyword
Achilles tendon, colon, tetracyclines, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP), wound healing., colorectal surgery, extracellular matrix, humans, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), rats, surgical anastomosis, sutures, tendon injuries
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11489 (URN)978-91-7393-931-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-05-09, Linden, Hälsonuniversitetet, Linköping, 13:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-05-07 Created: 2008-05-07 Last updated: 2015-11-19

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Pasternak, BjörnAspenberg, Per

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