Effects of different blood components on clot retraction analysed by measuring elasticity with a free oscillating rheometer
2006 (English)In: Platelets, ISSN 0953-7104 (print), 1369-1635 (online), Vol. 17, no 8, 545-554 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Free oscillation rheometry (FOR) using the ReoRox® 4 instrument makes it possible, at bedside, to study the coagulation process in blood over time and gives information on clotting time and coagulum elastic properties. In order to find out how various factors influence the FOR analysis we studied the coagulation process and change of elasticity over time in non-anticoagulated and citrated blood samples, plasma samples with various platelet concentrations (0-200 109/l) and blood samples with various haematocrit (0-40%). Blood samples supplemented with fibrinogen were analysed to elucidate the importance of fibrinogen on elasticity. The importance of the GPIIb/IIIa receptor on platelets was investigated by comparing the elasticity development in blood samples in presence and absence of a GPIIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor, abciximab. Anticoagulation with citrate did not have major influence on the viscoelastic properties of the coagulum. Increasing number of platelets and increasing fibrinogen concentration resulted in higher elasticity while increasing haematocrit gave lower elasticity. Blood samples with GPIIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor had very low elasticity indicating the importance of functional GPIIb/IIIa receptors. In conclusion we consider FOR to be a useful method to study the elastic properties of the coagulum. Various factors such as the number of red blood cells and platelets as well as the fibrinogen concentration should be taken into consideration when evaluating the results. The ReoRox® 4 instrument had excellent measuring range and unusually small artefactual effects on clot elasticity induced by the instrument in comparison with published results on other instruments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 17, no 8, 545-554 p.
Coagulation; clot retraction; elasticity; platelets; rheology
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13164DOI: 10.1080/09537100600759238OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13164DiVA: diva2:17954