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DNA chips with conjugated polyelectrolytes as fluorophore in fluorescence amplification mode
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
2008 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this diploma work is to improve selectivity and sensitivity in DNA-chips by utilizing fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between conjugated polyelectrolytes (CPEs) and fluorophores.

Leclerc and co-workers have presented successful results from studies of super FRET between fluorophore tagged DNA and a CPE during hybridisation of the double strand. Orwar and co-workers have constructed a DNA-chip using standard photo lithography creating a pattern of the hydrophobic photoresist SU-8 and cholesterol tagged DNA (chol-DNA). This diploma work will combine and modify these two ideas to fabricate a improved DNA-chip.

Immobilizing of DNA onto surface has been done by using soft lithography. Hydrophobic pattern arises from the poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) stamp. The hydrophobic pattern will attract chol-DNA that is adsorbed to the chip. Different sets of fluorophores are covalently bound to the DNA and adding CPEs to the complex will make FRET occur between CPE and bound fluorophore.

We will here show that the specificity in DNA hybridization by using PDMS patterning was high. FRET clearly occurred, especially with the CPEs as donor to the fluorophore Cy5. The intensity of FRET was higher when the fluorophore and the CPE were conjugated to the same DNA strand. The largest difference in FRET intensity between double stranded and single stranded complexes was observed with the CPE tPOMT. Super FRET has been observed but not yet fully proved. The FRET efficiency was lower with the fluorophore Alexa350 as donor compared to the Cy5/CPE complex. Most of the energy transferred from Alexa350 was extinguished by quenching.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi , 2008. , 65 p.
Keyword [en]
Soft lithography, conjugated polyelectrolyte (CPE), DNA-chip, fluorescence microscope, Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET)
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11559ISRN: LITH-IFM-EX--08/1915--SEOAI: diva2:17987
Subject / course
Biomolecular and Organic Electronics
2008-02-14, Planck, Fysikhuset, Linköping, 10:15
Available from: 2008-04-15 Created: 2008-04-15 Last updated: 2011-10-20Bibliographically approved

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