Measurement of adhesion of human platelets in plasma to protein surfaces in microplates
2005 (English)In: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods, ISSN 1056-8719, Vol. 52, no 3, 356-365 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Platelet adhesion is an initial, crucial and complex event for inhibiting blood loss upon vascular injury. Activation and adhesion of platelets also play a fundamental role in the development of thrombosis. A combination of exposed extracellular matrix proteins in the vascular wall and release of activating compounds from the participating cells activate the platelets. New potent anti-platelet agents are in progress but there is a shortage of methods that measure the concerted action of adhesive surfaces and soluble compounds upon platelet adhesion in vitro. The aim of this work was to develop a method to measure adhesion of platelets in plasma with standard laboratory equipment.
Platelet-rich plasma from healthy humans was used in studies to optimise the conditions of the present assay. Different proteins were coated in microplate wells and various soluble platelet activators and inhibitors were added to establish the ability of the current method to detect increased as well as decreased platelet adhesion. The amount of platelet adhesion was measured by the reaction between p-nitrophenyl phosphate and the intracellular enzyme acid phosphatase.
Adhesion of platelets in plasma to microplate wells coated with albumin, collagen, fibrinogen and activated plasma showed significant surface dependency. The known soluble platelet activators adenosine diphosphate, adrenaline and ristocetin enhanced the levels of adhesion. Available anti-platelet agents such as prostacyclin, forskolin, acetylsalicylic acid and RGD containing peptides caused dose-dependent inhibition of platelet adhesion.
This report describes a further development of a previously described method and offers the advantage to use platelets in plasma to measure platelet adhesion to protein surfaces. The assay is simple and flexible and is suitable in basic research for screening and characterisation of platelet adhesion responsiveness.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 52, no 3, 356-365 p.
Antiplatelet agents; Collagen; Fibrinogen; Human; Methods; Platelet activation; Platelet adhesion; Platelet assay
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13246DOI: 10.1016/j.vascn.2005.06.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13246DiVA: diva2:18135