The novel histone deacetylase inhibitor BML-210 exerts growth inhibitory, proapoptotic and differentiation stimulating effects on the human leukemia cell lines
2006 (English)In: European Journal of Pharmacology, ISSN 0014-2999, Vol. 549, no 1-3, 9-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Histone deacetylase inhibitors have a potent role in the strategy for the treatment of leukemias. BML-210 (N-(2-Aminophenyl)-N′ phenyloctanol diamine) is the novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, and its mechanism of action has not been characterized. In this study, we examined the in vitro effects of BML-210 on the human leukemia cell lines (NB4, HL-60, THP-1, and K562). We found that BML-210 inhibits the growth of all cell lines and promotes apoptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner. BML-210 alone induces HL-60 and K562 cell differentiation (up to 30%) to granulocytes and erythrocytes, respectively, and in combination with differentiation agents — all-trans retinoic acid and hemin, markedly potentates it. Those treatments cause G1 arrest and histone H4 acetylation, affects transcription factor NF-κB and Sp1 binding activity to their consensus sequences, the p21 or the FasL promoters, and influences expression of Sp1, NF-κB, p21 and FasL. These findings suggest that BML-210 could be a promising antileukemic agent to induce apoptosis and to modulate differentiation through the modulation of histone acetylation and gene expression.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 549, no 1-3, 9-18 p.
Apoptosis; Differentiation; Histone deacetylase inhibitor; Leukemia; Transcription factors
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13262DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.08.010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13262DiVA: diva2:18155