Variation within species and inter-species comparison of seed dormancy and germination of four annual Lamium species
2008 (English)In: Flora: Morphologie, Geobotanik, Oekophysiologie, ISSN 0367-2530, Vol. 203, no 5, 409-420 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In an ecological context, knowledge of intra-species variation in dormancy and germination is necessary both for practical and theoretical reasons. We used four or five seed batches (replicates) of four closely related annuals co-occurring in arable fields in Sweden: Lamium amplexicaule, L. confertum, L. hybridum and L. purpureum. Seeds used for experiments stemmed from plants cultivated on two sites, each site harbouring one population of each species, thereby ensuring similar environmental history of seeds. Seeds were tested for germination when fresh and after three different pre-treatments (cold or warm stratification, or dry storage) for up to 24 weeks. Seeds were also sown outdoors. Despite substantial intra-species variation, there were clear differences between species. The general seed dormancy pattern, i.e. which environmental circumstances that affect dormancy, was similar for all species; dormancy reduction occurred during warm stratification or dry storage. Even though the response to warm stratification indicate a winter annual pattern, successful plants in Sweden were mostly spring emerged. Germination in autumn occurred, but plants survived winters poorly. Consequently, as cold stratification did not reduce dormancy, strong dormancy in combination with dormancy reduction during dry periods might explain spring germination. It is hypothesized that local adaptations occur through changes mainly in dormancy strength, i.e. how much effort that is needed to reduce dormancy; strong dormancy restrict the part of each seed batch that germinate during autumn, and thus risk winter mortality, in Sweden.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi , 2008. Vol. 203, no 5, 409-420 p.
Deadnettle, Lamiaceae, phenology, physiological dormancy, summer annual, winter annual
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11806DOI: 10.1016/j.flora.2007.08.001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-11806DiVA: diva2:18228
Original publication: Laila M. Karlsson and Per Milberg, Variation within species and inter-species comparison of seed dormancy and germination of four annual Lamium species, 2008, Flora, (203), 5, 409-420. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2007.08.001. Copyright: Elsevier B.V., http://www.elsevier.com/2008-05-222008-05-222014-10-08