Sick leave before and after diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis in relation to referens: A report from the Swedish TIRA project
2009 (English)In: Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0315-162X, E-ISSN 1499-2752, Vol. 36, no 6, 1170-1179 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective. Our study describes sick leave during 3 years before and 3 years after diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to referents and identifies predictors for sick leave during the third year after diagnosis of RA.
Methods. One hundred twenty patients (76% women) from the Swedish early RA study TIRA were included. Disease activity and disability were registered regularly during 3 years in TIRA. Referents were matched for sex, age, and home town. Sick leave data were obtained for patients 3 years before and 3 years after diagnosis and for the referents for the corresponding 6 years.
Results. No differences were seen between patients and referents regarding sick leave during the first 2 years, whereas sick leave increased in patients 6 months before diagnosis, from 30% to 53%. During the 3 years after diagnosis, sick leave among patients was rather stable, varying between 50% and 60%, even though disability pension increased and sickness benefit decreased. Sick leave before diagnosis, disability 1 year after diagnosis, and type of work were identified as predictors for sick leave during the third year after diagnosis.
Conclusion. Not surprisingly, sick leave in patients increased the year before diagnosis. Although disease activity and disability diminished after diagnosis, the patients’ sick leave remained essentially unchanged. Sick leave 3 years after diagnosis was foremost predicted by earlier sick leave, disability, and type of work.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Journal of Rheumatology Publishing Co. Ltd. , 2009. Vol. 36, no 6, 1170-1179 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13330DOI: 10.3899/jrheum.080523ISI: 000266891500016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13330DiVA: diva2:18352