Miljö- och Handelsgåtan: Intellektuella egendomsrätter och dess implikationer i en globaliserad verklighet
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesisAlternative title
The Environment And Trade Conundrum : Intellectual property rights and its implications in a globalised reality (English)
This paper seeks to discern the political factors that determine the results of negotiations in international cooperation. On the one hand, it makes a contribution to the broader theoretical debate on international regimes by combining regime theory and theories on globalisation into an integrated framework for the analysis of international policy results, or in this case treaties (theoretical objective). More generally, globalisation theory will help us understand why it has become important to initiate international cooperation, and regime theory to elucidate how these international cooperations emerge. To many observers, it is the large transnational corporations of the rich North, which have done best out of free trade. Through the huge influence they wield over governments at the WTO (World Trade Organisation), these corporations have won the freedom to move around the globe without restriction, making use of cheap labour, and locating wherever they can best tap into the largest and most lucrative markets. Suprastate global governance, such as the WTO and its TRIPs (Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights) regime, is the response to deal with the reality in which we live - the globalised reality. But global governance comes to a price. States have lost their supreme sovereignty in the face of globalisation and the power of the globalised economy and transnational corporations.
This paper presents evidence that it does not seem likely that the parties to both the TRIPs Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity, in reality, can meet the obligations set out by these two agreements. Furthermore, this study points to those negative impacts the TRIPs Agreement poses to an enhancing of biological diversity and protection of indigenous knowledge.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning , 2002. , 44 p.
Interdisciplinary studies, TRIPs Agreement, globalisation, biological diversity, regime theory, state sovereignty
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-1444ISRN: LIU-ITUF/MV-D--02/03--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-1444DiVA: diva2:18768