Utveckling och implementering av ett audiopejlsystem baserat på tidsdifferensmätning
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesisAlternative title
Development and implementation of an acoustic direction- and location-finding system using time difference of arrival (English)
The use of spread spectrum signals has increased dramatically in military applications. Finding methods for detecting and positioning of these signals have become interesting research areas for signal intelligence purposes. One method is to measure the time difference of arrival (TDOA) that occurs when two receivers are synchronous and spatially separated. Based on the TDOA-technique an audio-demonstrator has been developed and implemented. This report describes the theory for how sound received in microphones can be used to extract information about the transmitter’s position from the measured time difference. The technique has been implemented and tested in a non-silencing room where sound from a loudspeaker has been recorded into MATLAB through the use of microphones. By correlating the received signals, an estimation of the time difference can be made. A hyperbolic function represents all possible transmitter positions for the given time difference. With three of more receivers a single position can be estimated. With an accuracy within a couple of hundreds of a degree, a direction can be estimated with simulated signals for a given SNR (usually 25dB) or a position within a few centimetres when the transmitter is a couple of meters away. Tests with real audio signals show less satisfying results. The position can at best be estimated with an accuracy of 5% of the distance to the receiver when the microphones are spread out 0.7m apart. The performance of the audio-demonstrator can be improved by using better methods for finding the points of intersection between hyperbolas and by weighting the estimated time differences.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för systemteknik , 2002. , 53 p.
Reglerteknik, tidsdifferensmätning, TDOA, riktningsbestämning, lägesbestämning, korrelation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-1468OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-1468DiVA: diva2:18792