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Control of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles using Non-linear Dynamic Inversion
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering.
2002 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesisAlternative title
Design av styrlagar för obemannade farkoster med hjälp av exakt linjärisering (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

This master's thesis deals with the control design method called Non-linear Dynamic Inversion (NDI) and how it can be applied to Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). In this thesis, simulations are conducted using a model for the unmanned aerial vehicle SHARC (Swedish Highly Advanced Research Configuration), which Saab AB is developing.

The idea with NDI is to cancel the non-linear dynamics and then the system can be controlled as a linear system. This design method needs much information about the system, or the output will not be as desired. Since it is impossible to know the exact mathematical model of a system, some kind of robust control theory is needed. In this thesis integral action is used.

A problem with NDI is that the mathematical model of a system is often very complex, which means that the controller also will be complex. Therefore, a controller that uses pure NDI is only discussed, and the simulations are instead based on approximations that use a cascaded NDI. Two such methods are investigated. One that uses much information from aerodata tables, and one that uses the derivatives of some measured outputs. Both methods generate satisfying results. The outputs from the second method are more oscillatory but the method is found to be more robust. If the signals are noisy, indications are that method one will be better.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för systemteknik , 2002. , 70 p.
LiTH-ISY-Ex, 3284
Keyword [en]
Reglerteknik, Non-linear Dynamic Inversion, exact linearization, cascaded structure, integral action, flight control, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Keyword [sv]
National Category
Control Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-1519OAI: diva2:18843
Available from: 2003-01-13 Created: 2003-01-13

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