Evaluation of a New Method for Extraction of Drift-Stable Information from Electronic Tongue Measurements
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesisAlternative title
Utvärdering av en ny metod för att erhålla drift-stabil information från mätningar med den elektroniska tungan (Swedish)
This thesis is a part of a project where a new method, the base descriptor approach, is studied. The purpose of this method is to reduce drift and extract vital information from electronic tongue measurements. Reference solutions, called descriptors, are measured and the measurements are used to find base descriptors. A base descriptor is, in this thesis, a regression vector for prediction of the property that the descriptor represent. The property is in this case the concentration of a chemical substance in the descriptor solution. Measurements from test samples, in this case fruit juices, are projected onto the base descriptors to extract vital and drift-stable information from the test samples.
The base descriptors are used to determine the concentrations of the descriptors'chemical substances in the juices and thereby also to classify the different juices. It is assumed that the measurements of samples of juices and descriptors drift the same way. This assumption has to be true in order for the base descriptor approach to work. The base descriptors are calculated by multivariate regression methods like partial least squares regression (PLSR) and principal component regression (PCR).
Only two of the descriptors tested in this thesis worked as basis for base descriptors. The base descriptors'predictions of the concentrations of chemical substances in the juices are hard to evaluate since the true concentrations are unknown. Comparing the projections of juice measurements onto the base descriptors with a classification model on the juice measurements performed by principal component analysis (PCA), there is no significant difference in drift of the juice measurements in the results of the two methods. The base descriptors, however, separates the juices for classification somewhat better than the classification of juices performed by PCA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för systemteknik , 2003. , 85 p.
Reglerteknik, multivariate calibration, PLSR, PCR, PCA, regression, drift, base descriptors, electronic tongue
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-1615OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-1615DiVA: diva2:18939