Sensor Fusion with Coordinated Mobile Robots
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesisAlternative title
Sensorfusion med koordinerade mobila robotar (Swedish)
Robust localization is a prerequisite for mobile robot autonomy. In many situations the GPS signal is not available and thus an additional localization system is required. A simple approach is to apply localization based on dead reckoning by use of wheel encoders but it results in large estimation errors. With exteroceptive sensors such as a laser range finder natural landmarks in the environment of the robot can be extracted from raw range data. Landmarks are extracted with the Hough transform and a recursive line segment algorithm. By applying data association and Kalman filtering along with process models the landmarks can be used in combination with wheel encoders for estimating the global position of the robot. If several robots can cooperate better position estimates are to be expected because robots can be seen as mobile landmarks and one robot can supervise the movement of another. The centralized Kalman filter presented in this master thesis systematically treats robots and extracted landmarks such that benefits from several robots are utilized. Experiments in different indoor environments with two different robots show that long distances can be traveled while the positional uncertainty is kept low. The benefit from cooperating robots in the sense of reduced positional uncertainty is also shown in an experiment.
Except for localization algorithms a typical autonomous robot task in the form of change detection is solved. The change detection method, which requires robust localization, is aimed to be used for surveillance. The implemented algorithm accounts for measurement- and positional uncertainty when determining whether something in the environment has changed. Consecutive true changes as well as sporadic false changes are detected in an illustrative experiment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för systemteknik , 2003. , 71 p.
Reglerteknik, Kalman filter, extended Kalman filter, estimation, mobile autonomous robots, cooperative localization, laser range finder, encoder, change detection
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-1717OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-1717DiVA: diva2:19042