Intellectual Property Rights: A Barricade to Technological Development. An Ethical Analysis on the Less Developed Countries
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
Debate over Intellectual Property Rights ‘IPRs’ particularly patent and copyrights is mainly on forward-looking industries in computer software. As part of a trade deal reached in 1994, the member nations of the World Trade Organisation must adhere to a global agreement known as TRIPS, for the Trade- Related Aspect of Intellectual Property Rights.
This study is to analyse the ethical conception of Intellectual Property Rights and in particular its implications on the developing countries in relation to TRIPS. The approach will be to analyse a broad philosophical theories of property to see if there is any justification for a software program to be treated as private property and also argue base on John Rawls two principles of justice in relation to TRIPS Agreement. Some reflections will be put on the use of open-source software by less developing countries.
From the study it was asserted that, strong IPRs protection would hinder technological transfer and indigenous learning activities in the early stage of industrialisation when learning takes place through reverse engineering. And policy makers should consider differentiation in terms of the level of economic and industrial development, if protection and enforcement of IPRs is intended to enhance technological development.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ethics, Coperative Justice, Intellectual Property Rights, John Rawls, Less developed Countries, Open-Source Software, Property Rights, Proprietary Software, Principles of Justice, Trade-Related Aspects of Intelullectual Property Rights
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-1915ISRN: LIU-CTE-AE-EX--03/03--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-1915DiVA: diva2:19242