Kappa Control with Online Analyzer Using Samples from the Digester's Mid-phase
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
In the pulp industry, digesters are used to disolve lignin in wood chips. The concentration of lignin is measured and is called the Kappa number. In this thesis, the question of whether an online Kappa sensor, taking samples from the mid-phase of the digester, is useful or not is analyzed. For the samples to be useful, there has to be a relationship between the measured Kappa at the mid- phase and the measured Kappa in the blowpipe at the bottom of the digester. An ARX model of the lower part of the digester has been estimated. Despite a lot of noise, it seems that it might be possible to use the mid-phase samples and for this model predict the blowpipe flow Kappa signal. It is concluded that the mid-phase samples should be further improved to be more useful. The mid-phase samples have also been used in another ARX model, this time to LP-filter these values without time loss.
Another important issue has been to examine if the existing controller is good or not. In order to be able to compare it with other controllers, a simulator has been created in MATLAB - Simulink. Test results from this simulator show that the existing controller's use of the mid-phase Kappa samples improves its performance. For a simplified digester model, the existing controller has also been compared with an MPC controller. This test shows that the MPC controller is significantly better. Hence, the conclusion in this thesis is that it might be interesting to study MPC further using a more advanced model.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för systemteknik , 2004. , 78 p.
Reglerteknik, Kappa Control, Digester Control, Mid-phase Measurement, Online Kappa Analyzer, System Identification, Model Predictive Control
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-2209OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-2209DiVA: diva2:19539