Iterative Enhancement of Non-Exact Reconstruction in Cone Beam CT
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesisAlternative title
Iterativ förbättring av icke-exakt rekonstruktion för konstråletomografi (Swedish)
Contemporary algorithms employed for reconstruction of 3D volumes from helical cone beam projections are so called non-exact algorithms. This means that the reconstructed volumes will contain artifacts irrespective of the detector resolution and number of projections angles employed in the process.
It has been proposed that these artifacts can be suppressed using an iterative scheme which comprises computation of projections from the already reconstructed volume as well as the non-exact reconstruction itself.
The purpose of the present work is to examine if the iterative scheme can be applied to the non-exact reconstruction method PI-original in order to improve the reconstruction result. An important part in this implementation is a careful design of the projection operator, as a poorly designed projection operator may result in aliasing and/or other artifacts in the reconstruction result. Since the projection data is truncated, special care must be taken along the boundaries of the detector. Three different ways of handling this interpolation problem is proposed and examined.
The results show that artifacts caused by the PI-original method can indeed be reduced by the iterative scheme. However, each iteration requires at least three times more processing time than the initial reconstruction, which may call for certain compromises, smartness and/or parallelization in the innermost loops. Furthermore, at higher cone angles certain types of artifacts seem to grow by each iteration instead of being suppressed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för systemteknik , 2004.
Technology, iterative enhancement, cone beam CT, non-exact reconstruction, PI-original, interpolation, image representation, forward projection
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-2577ISRN: LITH-ISY-EX--04/3646--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-2577DiVA: diva2:19912