First-Principles calculations of Core-Level shifts in random metallic alloys: The Transition State Approach
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
The overall aim of this thesis is to compare different methods for calculation of Core-Level shifts in metallic alloys. The methods compared are the Initial State model, the Complete screening and the Transition state model. Core-level shifts can give information of chemical bonding and about the electronic structure in solids.
The basic theory used is the so-called Density-Functional-Theory, in conjunction with the Local-Density Approximation and the Coherent-Potential- Approximation. The metallic alloys used are Silver-Palladium, Copper-Palladium, Copper-Gold and Copper-Platinum, all inface-centered-cubic configuration.
The complete screening- and the transition-state model are found to be in better agreement with experimental results than those calculated with the initial state model. This is mainly due to the fact that the two former models includes final-state effects, whereas the last one do not. The screening parameters within the Coherent-Potential approximation are also investigated. It is found that the Screened-Impurity Model can extend the validity of the Coherent-Potential-Approximation and increase it's accuracy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi , 2004.
Theoretical physics, Density-functional theory, Random Alloys, Coherent-Potential Approximation, Transition-State model, Complete Screening
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-2581ISRN: LITH-IFM-EX--04/1328--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-2581DiVA: diva2:19916