Hepatic and extrahepatic malignancies in autoimmune hepatitis. A long-term follow-up in 473 Swedish patients
2009 (English)In: Journal of Hepatology, ISSN 0168-8278, Vol. 50, no 2, 388-393 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background/Aims: Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH) is a liver disease which may lead to liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is a well-known risk factor for hepatocellular cancer. Lymphoma is a disease, where immune modulating drugs as well as the autoimmune disease itself may contribute to the elevated risk. The aim was to investigate the risks of malignancies in a large cohort of AIH patients.
Methods: Four hundred and seventy-three patients with AIH were matched to the Swedish national cancer register as well as to the death cause register.
Results: We found an overall higher risk of malignancies in the cohort of A I H patients from the date of diagnosis with a SIR of 1.51 (95% CI 1.10-2.03). SIR in the subpopulation of well defined catchment areas and complete case finding was 23.28 (95% CI 7.5-54.34) for HCC. Lymphomas were found a SIR of 13.09 (95% CI 4.22-30.56).
Conclusions: There was an overall increased risk of malignancies in a cohort of AIH patients, which manly was caused by hepatobiliary cancers. However, the true risk of HCC in an AIH cirrhotic cohort has yet to be investigated. A significantly higher risk of lymphomas was also found, but no clear cut association to the use of immune modulators.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 50, no 2, 388-393 p.
Autoimmune hepatitis, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Lymphoma, Malignancies
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16964DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2008.08.022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16964DiVA: diva2:200851