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Immediate Loading of Implants in the Edentulous Maxilla: Use of an Interim Fixed Prosthesis Followed by a Permanent Fixed Prosthesis: A 32-Month Prospective Radiological and Clinical Study
Malmö University.
Malmö University.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of Oral Surgery UHL.
Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of Oral Surgery UHL.
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2009 (English)In: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, ISSN 1523-0899, E-ISSN 1708-8208, Vol. 11, no 1, 1-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the survival rate of splinted and immediately loaded Straumann sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched, solid-screw dental implants in the edentulous maxilla after 32 months of loading.

Twenty-eight patients (mean age 63 years) with edentulous maxillae received 168 implants (six each) and an implant-supported fixed interim prosthesis within 24 hours after surgery. After a mean healing time of 15 weeks, the patients received permanent screw-retained prostheses. Clinical and radiological examinations were made at implant placement and after 8, 20, and 32 months of loading. All permanent prostheses were removed at the 32-month follow-up; implant stability was checked with a torque device, and the implant stability quotient was determined with resonance frequency analysis.

Mean marginal bone loss from baseline to 8 months after loading was 1.6 mm (SD 1.16; p = .094), from 8 to 20 months 0.41 mm (SD 0.63; p = .094), and from 20 to 32 months 0.08 mm (SD 0.49; p = .039). The 32-month cumulative survival rate was 98.2%.

The 32-month survival of solid-screw implants - immediately loaded within 24 hours after placement - was similar to survival rates reported for solid-screw implants with conventional loading. Immediate loading and splinting of implants in the edentulous maxilla is a viable treatment alternative.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 11, no 1, 1-10 p.
Keyword [en]
dental prosthesis, edentulous, immediate loading, implant supported, maxilla
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16976DOI: 10.1111/j.1708-8208.2008.00094.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-16976DiVA: diva2:200872
Available from: 2009-03-01 Created: 2009-02-27 Last updated: 2017-12-13

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Sahlholm, Sten

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Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Oral Surgery UHL
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