Conflict Resolution in West Africa: A Comparative Analysis of Sierra Leone and Liberia
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
This paper is a Master thesis for the Master’s program in International and European Relations in the Department of Management and Economics at Linköping University. As the title indicates, the aim of this thesis is to make a comparative analysis of the conflict resolution initiatives that were employed in the Sierra Leonean and Liberian conflicts. The research questions are:
• What were the root causes and trajectories of the Sierra Leonean and Liberian conflicts?
• What were the conflict resolution initiatives employed in resolving both conflicts?
• Why did the Lome Peace Accord succeed in the case of Sierra Leone whilst the Abuja Peace Accord failed in bringing peace to Liberia?
In order to answer the afore-mentioned questions and fulfil the aim of this paper, a qualitative research method has been chosen. The study is mainly based on secondary sources such as textbooks, official documents from ECOWAS and the UN, articles, magazines and newspapers as well as internet resources. In making the comparative analysis the Conflict Transformation Model as espoused by Kumar Rupesinghe has been utilized. This model has specifically helped in explaining the reasons why peace returned to Sierra Leone but eluded the people of Liberia for a long time. The conclusion drawn from the study is that a multi-track approach is required in dealing with conflicts in West Africa so that it would touch on the context of the conflict, the conflict structure, the intra-party as well as the inter- party divisions and the broader system of society and governance within the conflict area.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ekonomiska institutionen , 2005.
Social sciences, Conflict, Peace, Mediators, Warring factions, rebels, Conflict resolution, Conflict transformation, Sierra Leone and Liberia
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-2768ISRN: LIU-EKI/INT-D--05/007--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-2768DiVA: diva2:20110