MEMS baserad referensoscillator
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering2005 (Swedish)
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
MEMS based reference oscillator (English)
The interest in tiny wireless applications raises the demand for an integrated reference oscillator with the same performance as the macroscopic quartz crystal reference oscillators. The main challenge of the thesis is to prove that it is possible to build a MEMS based oscillator that approaches the accuracy level of existing quartz crystal oscillators. The MEMS resonator samples which Philips provides are measured and an equivalent electrical model is designed for them. This model is used in the simulations of the Pierce oscillator and the transresistance amplifier oscillator that are evaluated in this thesis. Finally the Pierce oscillator is implemented in the A BCD2 process and manufactured at Philips Semiconductors in Nijmegen, The Netherlands. A test board, for measuring the Pierce oscillator together with a MEMS resonator or a quartz crystal resonator, is built. The Pierce oscillator is then measured with a quartz crystal resonator. In order to simulate the higher series resistance of the MEMS resonators a resistor is put in series with the quartz crystal. The Pierce oscillator is working with a series resistance of 1 kΩ. With higher series resistance the Pierce oscillator stops working. In circuit simulations the Pierce oscillator is working with a series resistance of about 5 kΩ in the MEMS resonator model. To be sure whether the Pierce oscillator has enough gain for the MEMS resonators, it needs to be measured with them. Temperature variations in the MEMS resonators need to be handled and the phase noise performance of the oscillator must be improved, in order for the MEMS based reference oscillator to be a successful replacement for the quartz crystal reference oscillator.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för systemteknik , 2005. , 61 p.
Electronics, MEMS, MEMS-resonator, resonator, oscillator, reference oscillator, quartz crystal
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-2780ISRN: LITH-ISY-EX--05/3609--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-2780DiVA: diva2:20122
Subject / course