liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Volition and Environmental Assessment in Swedish Municipal Energy Plans
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2009 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There are several policy instruments for managing energy systems at the local level, for municipal energy planning, which is a means for local authorities to manage the local energy system. This article analyses the municipal Energy Planning which has been required by Swedish law since 1997. Recent energy plans are compared with earlier plans. The aim is to see if recent energy plans are different and if the observed differences can be explained by the impact of external factors, for example other policy instruments.

The results show that the both the scope of expressed volition and environmental assessments have changed substantially between the two sets of energy plans studied. Newer energy plans include more goals for transports and information, but fewer goals for environmental aspects. Environmental assessments are more commonly occurring in the newer plans, but focus to large extent on emissions of carbon dioxide and climate change. It is concluded that these differences can largely be explained by a rather weak legislation, which allows external factors to influence the energy planning process. It is further concluded that it is important to include environmental assessments in the energy planning process to avoid problem shifting. Such assessments must include more environmental consequences than simply the emissions of carbon dioxide.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Energy planning, environmental assessment, energy policy
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17121OAI: diva2:202026
Available from: 2011-08-12 Created: 2009-03-06 Last updated: 2016-02-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Municipal Energy Planning: Scope and Method Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Municipal Energy Planning: Scope and Method Development
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Swedish municipalities are required to produce a municipal energy plan for their energy supply and use. Whether energy planning is suitable to manage local energy systems, however, is subject to debate. This thesis maps municipal energy planning: the scopes of energy plans and whether goals stated in energy plans are fulfilled. It also presents a pilot project with the implementation of an energy planning process where four different decision-making tools were applied: a Citizen’s panel, scenario techniques and quantitative and qualitative environmental assessments. The results from the mapping of energy planning and the experiences from the pilot project are then the bases for a discussion about the effectiveness of energy planning.

The thesis is based on six papers; five scientific papers and one working paper. The first three papers contribute to mapping municipal energy planning in terms of expressed volition (goals, measures and strategies in the energy plans), whether goals are fulfilled and the extent of environmental analyses and assessments in the plans. The three subsequent papers present the implementation and evaluations of the energy planning process in the pilot project.

The scopes of the studied energy plans have varied over time and have been adaptive to external factors such as contemporary energy policies and international trends. Environmental analyses and assessments were more commonly occurring in the energy plans adopted between 2006 and 2008 compared to those adopted between 1995 and 1998. The environmental analyses and assessments were however less comprehensive in the newer energy plans. Most positive development, in terms of fulfilled goals, took place for issues within the power of the local authority, for example district heating expansion and energy efficiency measures in public buildings. Experiences from the pilot project showed that decision-making tools can contribute to a broader scope of energy planning, more comprehensive environmental assessments and legitimacy.

Based on the research findings possibilities for more effective energy planning are discussed. Effectiveness is discussed in terms of scope and legitimacy and how a broad scope and legitimacy are affected by the use of decision-making tools. It is concluded that energy planning has potential for being an effective tool for strategic energy work at the local level. The use of decision-making tools can also contribute to learning as well as legitimacy to energy planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009. 72 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1234
Energy planning, energy systems, environmental assessment, decision-making, participation
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16398 (URN)978-91-7393-716-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-02-13, A2, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-03-06 Created: 2009-01-22 Last updated: 2010-06-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(104 kB)119 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 104 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Link to Ph.D. Thesis

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ivner, JennyHjelm, Olof
By organisation
Environmental Technology and ManagementThe Institute of Technology
Other Environmental Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 119 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 146 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link