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New Tools in Local Energy Planning: Experimenting with Scenarios, Public Participation and Environmental Assessment
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technique and Management . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Swedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm, Sweden.
Swedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2010 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 15, no 2, 105-120 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article describes the development and implementation of an energy planning process in a Swedish municipality. This is a unique full scale test of the application of a number of tools for local planning and environmental assessments. The experiment is based on well-known theoretical knowledge and planning legislation as a “standard of good practice,” and involves a combination of analytical and procedural tools intended to aid decision-making: external scenarios, a citizens’ panel, life cycle analyses and qualitative environmental assessment. The implementation of the energy planning process illustrates that it is important to appoint a municipal work group to lead the process and be the driving force throughout the process. Furthermore, the application of this combination of tools suggests that they contribute substantially to the quality of the energy planning process, but that it is complicated to combine several different decision-making tools. The planning model needs further simplification before it can be used as a standard of good practice by practitioners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 15, no 2, 105-120 p.
Keyword [en]
Energy planning, decision-making tools, local authority, LCA, scenarios
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17122DOI: 10.1080/13549830903527639OAI: diva2:202028
This is an electronic version of an article published in: Jenny Stenlund Nilsson Ivner, Anna Björklund, Karl-Henrik Dreborg, Jessica Johansson, Per Wiklund and Hans Wiklund, New Tools in Local Energy Planning: Experimenting with Scenarios, Public Participation and Environmental Assessment, 2010, Local Environment, (15), 2, 105-120. Local Environment is available online at informaworldTM: Copyright: Taylor & Francis Available from: 2009-03-06 Created: 2009-03-06 Last updated: 2010-03-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Municipal Energy Planning: Scope and Method Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Municipal Energy Planning: Scope and Method Development
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Swedish municipalities are required to produce a municipal energy plan for their energy supply and use. Whether energy planning is suitable to manage local energy systems, however, is subject to debate. This thesis maps municipal energy planning: the scopes of energy plans and whether goals stated in energy plans are fulfilled. It also presents a pilot project with the implementation of an energy planning process where four different decision-making tools were applied: a Citizen’s panel, scenario techniques and quantitative and qualitative environmental assessments. The results from the mapping of energy planning and the experiences from the pilot project are then the bases for a discussion about the effectiveness of energy planning.

The thesis is based on six papers; five scientific papers and one working paper. The first three papers contribute to mapping municipal energy planning in terms of expressed volition (goals, measures and strategies in the energy plans), whether goals are fulfilled and the extent of environmental analyses and assessments in the plans. The three subsequent papers present the implementation and evaluations of the energy planning process in the pilot project.

The scopes of the studied energy plans have varied over time and have been adaptive to external factors such as contemporary energy policies and international trends. Environmental analyses and assessments were more commonly occurring in the energy plans adopted between 2006 and 2008 compared to those adopted between 1995 and 1998. The environmental analyses and assessments were however less comprehensive in the newer energy plans. Most positive development, in terms of fulfilled goals, took place for issues within the power of the local authority, for example district heating expansion and energy efficiency measures in public buildings. Experiences from the pilot project showed that decision-making tools can contribute to a broader scope of energy planning, more comprehensive environmental assessments and legitimacy.

Based on the research findings possibilities for more effective energy planning are discussed. Effectiveness is discussed in terms of scope and legitimacy and how a broad scope and legitimacy are affected by the use of decision-making tools. It is concluded that energy planning has potential for being an effective tool for strategic energy work at the local level. The use of decision-making tools can also contribute to learning as well as legitimacy to energy planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009. 72 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1234
Energy planning, energy systems, environmental assessment, decision-making, participation
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16398 (URN)978-91-7393-716-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-02-13, A2, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-03-06 Created: 2009-01-22 Last updated: 2010-06-16Bibliographically approved

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