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Energy planning with decision-making tools: Experiences from an energy-planning project
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technique and Management . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2009 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 14, no 9, 833-850 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

This article presents the evaluation of a pilot project where four decision-making tools are applied in a municipal energy planning process in a Swedish municipality. The tested tools are a citizens’ panel, a combination of external scenarios and backcasting, and life cycle assessment and qualitative checklists for environmental assessment. The presented results are based on two focus group discussions with the participants from the project: one with the municipal workgroup and one with the researchers that were responsible for the application of the decision-making tools. The results show that energy planning is a process of learning and dialogue, and workshop methodology was found to be favourable for open dialogue. This test also shows that public involvement can contribute substantially to the visionary work and suggestions of actions and strategies. Another conclusion is that energy planning needs to be iterative, even in the scoping. This test also shows that there is a need for simplified tools that include environmental assessment and broad system boundaries in local energy planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 14, no 9, 833-850 p.
Keyword [en]
Energy planning, local authority, LCA, scenarios, participation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17123DOI: 10.1080/13549830903160613OAI: diva2:202030
In the list of papers is the title of the article: Energy Planning with Novel Planning Tools - Experiences from an Energy Planning Project This is an electronic version of an article published in: Jenny Stenlund Nilsson Ivner, Energy planning with decision-making tools: Experiences from an energy-planning project, 2009, Local Environment, (14), 9, 833-850. Local Environment is available online at informaworldTM: Copyright: Taylor & Francis Available from: 2009-03-06 Created: 2009-03-06 Last updated: 2010-03-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Municipal Energy Planning: Scope and Method Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Municipal Energy Planning: Scope and Method Development
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Swedish municipalities are required to produce a municipal energy plan for their energy supply and use. Whether energy planning is suitable to manage local energy systems, however, is subject to debate. This thesis maps municipal energy planning: the scopes of energy plans and whether goals stated in energy plans are fulfilled. It also presents a pilot project with the implementation of an energy planning process where four different decision-making tools were applied: a Citizen’s panel, scenario techniques and quantitative and qualitative environmental assessments. The results from the mapping of energy planning and the experiences from the pilot project are then the bases for a discussion about the effectiveness of energy planning.

The thesis is based on six papers; five scientific papers and one working paper. The first three papers contribute to mapping municipal energy planning in terms of expressed volition (goals, measures and strategies in the energy plans), whether goals are fulfilled and the extent of environmental analyses and assessments in the plans. The three subsequent papers present the implementation and evaluations of the energy planning process in the pilot project.

The scopes of the studied energy plans have varied over time and have been adaptive to external factors such as contemporary energy policies and international trends. Environmental analyses and assessments were more commonly occurring in the energy plans adopted between 2006 and 2008 compared to those adopted between 1995 and 1998. The environmental analyses and assessments were however less comprehensive in the newer energy plans. Most positive development, in terms of fulfilled goals, took place for issues within the power of the local authority, for example district heating expansion and energy efficiency measures in public buildings. Experiences from the pilot project showed that decision-making tools can contribute to a broader scope of energy planning, more comprehensive environmental assessments and legitimacy.

Based on the research findings possibilities for more effective energy planning are discussed. Effectiveness is discussed in terms of scope and legitimacy and how a broad scope and legitimacy are affected by the use of decision-making tools. It is concluded that energy planning has potential for being an effective tool for strategic energy work at the local level. The use of decision-making tools can also contribute to learning as well as legitimacy to energy planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009. 72 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1234
Energy planning, energy systems, environmental assessment, decision-making, participation
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16398 (URN)978-91-7393-716-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-02-13, A2, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-03-06 Created: 2009-01-22 Last updated: 2010-06-16Bibliographically approved

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