Trends in number of consultations and antibiotic prescriptions for respiratory tract infections between 1999 and 2005 in primary healthcare in Kalmar County, Southern Sweden
2009 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 27, no 1, 18-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) comprise the most common indication for consulting a general practitioner and obtaining an antibiotic prescription.
Objective: To study changes in the number of visits, diagnoses, and antibiotic prescriptions for RTI in primary healthcare during the period 1999-2005.
Design: A retrospective, descriptive, population-based study of electronic patient records.
Setting: County of Kalmar in southeastern Sweden.
Patients: Patients visiting primary healthcare units in Kalmar County for an RTI between 1 July 1999 and 31 December 2005. Main outcome measures. RTI diagnoses, antibiotic prescriptions, age groups.
Results: A total of 240 447 visits for RTI made between 1999 and 2005 were analysed. The yearly consultation rates for the diagnoses acute tonsillitis and AOM decreased by 12% and 10%, respectively (p = 0.001). Of all patients consulting for an RTI diagnosis, 45% received antibiotics. Of all prescribed antibiotics, 60% were for phenoxymethylpenicillin (PcV) and 18% doxycycline. Amoxicillin or amoxicillin + clavulanic acid was prescribed to a lesser extent. The proportion of patients obtaining an antibiotic prescription was almost constant over time (44-46%). The prescriptions of doxycycline showed increasing values (NS). The prescriptions of remaining antibiotics decreased significantly especially for patients up to middle age.
Conclusion: This large population study, comprising more than six years of observations, showed the number of primary healthcare patients receiving an RTI diagnosis decreased during the period 1999-2005, but the proportion of patients receiving an antibiotic prescription remained the same. The large seasonal variations indicate a need for further interventions to decrease antibiotic use for RTIs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 27, no 1, 18-24 p.
Antibiotics, electronic patient records, family practice, general practice, phenoxymethylpenicillin (PcV), primary healthcare, respiratory tract infections
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17131DOI: 10.1080/02813430802610784OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17131DiVA: diva2:202121