Electronic structure of thin film iron-tetracyanoethylene: Fe(TCNE)x
2009 (English)In: Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, ISSN 0947-8396, E-ISSN 1432-0630, Vol. 95, no 1, 131-138 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thin film iron-tetracyanoethylene Fe(TCNE) x , x∼2, as determined by photoelectron spectroscopy, was grown in situ under ultra-high vacuum conditions using a recently developed physical vapor deposition-based technique for fabrication of oxygen- and precursor-free organic-based molecular magnets. Photoelectron spectroscopy results show no spurious trace elements in the films, and the iron is of Fe2+ valency. The highest occupied molecular orbital of Fe(TCNE) x is located at ∼1.7 eV vs. Fermi level and is derived mainly from the TCNE− singly occupied molecular orbital according to photoelectron spectroscopy and resonant photoelectron spectroscopy results. The Fe(3d)-derived states appear at higher binding energy, ∼4.5 eV, which is in contrast to V(TCNE)2 where the highest occupied molecular orbital is mainly derived from V(3d) states. Fitting ligand field multiplet and charge transfer multiplet calculations to the Fe L-edge near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectrum yields a high-spin Fe2+ (3d6) configuration with a crystal field parameter 10Dq∼0.6 eV for the Fe(TCNE) x system. We propose that the significantly weaker Fe-TCNE ligand interaction as compared to the room temperature magnet V(TCNE)2 (10Dq∼2.3 eV) is a strongly contributing factor to the substantially lower magnetic ordering temperature (T C ) seen for Fe(TCNE) x -type magnets.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 95, no 1, 131-138 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17167DOI: 10.1007/s00339-008-5032-yOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17167DiVA: diva2:202156