Observatörer för skattning av verktygspositionen hos en industrirobot: Design, simulering och experimentell verifiering
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Observers for estimation of the tool position for an industrial robot : Design, simulation and experimental verification (English)
This thesis approaches the problem of estimating the arm angles of an industrial robot with flexibilities in joints and links. Due to cost-cutting efforts in the industrial robots industry, weaker components and more cost-effective structures have been introduced which in turn has led to problems with flexibilities, nonlinearities and friction. In order to handle these challenging dynamic problems and achieve high accuracy this study introduces state observers to estimate the tool position.The observers use measurements of the motor angles and an accelerometer and the different evaluated observers are based on an Extended Kalman Filter and a deterministic variant. They have been evaluated in experiments on an industrial robot with two degrees of freedom. The experimental verification shows that the state estimates can be highly accurate for medium frequency motions, ranging from 3-30Hz. For this interval the estimate were also robust to model inaccuracies.The estimation of low-frequency motions was relatively poor, due to problemswith drift for the accelerometer, and it also showed a significant dependence on the accuracy of the model. For industrial robots it is mainly the medium frequency motions which are hard to estimate with existing techniques and these observers therefore carries great potential for increased precision.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 73 p.
Observatör, Industrirobot, Flexibla manipulatorer, Accelerometer, Extended Kalman Filter
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17175ISRN: LITH-ISY-EX--09/4271--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17175DiVA: diva2:202175
Glashuset, Linköpings Universitet B-huset ingång 25, Linköping (Swedish)
Wernholt, Erik, Forskarassistent
Schön, Thomas, Associate Professor