Steering Behaviour of 44 Drivers in Lane Change Manoeuvres on a Slippery Surface
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
This master thesis deals with experimental data that were collected through a crash avoidance experiment (which was lead by Professor Lennart Strandberg) in February and March 1990. Fifty-two ordinary drivers were instructed to perform two different kinds of manoeuvres on ice to determine the effectiveness of antilock brakes and of four tyre configurations. Results were reported at the 1991 ESV Conference.
The first aim of this master thesis is to check and revise the measured data (used by Prof. Strandberg in courses at Linköping University). Checking out many hours of video recordings from onboard cameras reveals various protocol inconsistencies and errors, which in some cases it is not possible to correct. This work might increase the reliability of any further analysis of these data.
The second aim is to elaborate on the revised data and to test the hypothesis that quick steering is a key factor to not lose control of the car during a crash avoidance manoeuvre. Different variables are introduced and used to estimate the steering wheel velocity and lateral friction use.
The results show linear (positive) correlations between lateral friction use and steering wheel velocity. The greatest steering wheel velocities appear in the tests with loss-of-control and reach values up to 1180 degrees per second. However, the 1990 experimental layout was not intended for this type of research questions and it seems difficult to determine the causal relationship between quick steering and control of the car. Some cases of excessive steering input might have occurred. The results indicate that quick steering by itself is not enough to guarantee the total control of the car. An early reaction to the skid might be necessary too. Evidently, further research is needed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap , 2005. , 113 p.
Technology, Steering, crash avoidance, driver behaviour, vehicle dynamics, car safety, automobile, experiment
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-3027ISRN: LITH-ITN-KTS-EX--05/046--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-3027DiVA: diva2:20339