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Evaluation and implementation of neural brain activity detection methods for fMRI
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Medical Informatics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2005 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) is a neuroimaging technique used to study brain functionality to enhance our understanding of the brain. This technique is based on MRI, a painless, noninvasive image acquisition method without harmful radiation. Small local blood oxygenation changes which are reflected as small intensity changes in the MR images are utilized to locate the active brain areas. Radio frequency pulses and a strong static magnetic field are used to measure the correlation between the physical changes in the brain and the mental functioning during the performance of cognitive tasks.

This master thesis presents approaches for the analysis of fMRI data. The constrained Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCA) which is able to exploit the spatio-temporal nature of an active area is presented and tested on real human fMRI data. The actual distribution of active brain voxels is not known in the case of real human data. To evaluate the performance of the diagnostic algorithms applied to real human data, a modified Receiver Operating Characteristics (modified ROC) which deals with this lack of knowledge is presented. The tests on real human data reveal the better detection efficiency with the constrained CCA algorithm.

A second aim of this thesis was to implement the promising technique of constrained CCA into the software environment SPM. To implement the constrained CCA algorithms into the fMRI part of SPM2, a toolbox containing Matlab functions has been programmed for the further use by neurological scientists. The new SPM functionalities to exploit the spatial extent of the active regions with CCA are presented and tested.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för medicinsk teknik , 2005. , 75 p.
Keyword [en]
Electrical engineering, fMRI, constrained CCA, PCA, modified ROC, SPM
Keyword [sv]
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-3069ISRN: LITH-IMT/ERASMUS - R - - 05/030 - - SEOAI: diva2:20344
Subject / course
Master of Science Thesis (Magisteruppsats från Affärsjuridiska programmet)
Available from: 2005-08-09 Created: 2005-08-09 Last updated: 2012-09-27

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