Investigation of silicon PIN-detector for laser pulse detection
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
This report has been written at SAAB Bofors Dynamics (SBD) AB in Gothenburg at the department of optronic systems.
In military observation operations, a target to hit is chosen by illumination of a laser designator. From the targetpoint laser radiation is reflected on a detector that helps identify the target. The detector is a semiconductor PIN-type that has been investigated in a laboratory environment together with a specially designed laser source. The detector is a photodiode and using purchased components, circuits for both the photodiode and the laserdiode has been designed and fabricated. The bandwidth of the op-amp should be about 30 MHz, in the experiments a bandwidth of 42 MHz was used. Initially the feedback network, which consists of a 5.6 pF capacitor in parallel with a 1-kohm resistor determined the bandwidth. To avoid the op-amp saturate under strong illuminated laser radiation the feedback network will use a 56-pF capacitor and a 100-ohm resistor respectively.
The laser should be pulsed with 10-20 ns width, 10 Hz repetition frequency, about 800 nm wavelength and a maximum output power of 80 mW. To avoid electrical reflection signals at measurement equipment connections, the laser circuit includes a resistor of about 50 ohm, that together with the resistance in the laserdiode forms the right termination that eliminate the reflection signals. The wire-wound type of resistor shall be avoided in this application and instead a surface mounted type was beneficial with much lower inductance. The detector showed a linear behaviour up to 40-mW optical power. Further investigation was hindered by the breakdown of the laserdiodes. The function generator limits the tests to achieve 80 mW in light power. In different experiments the responsivity of the photodiode is different from the nominal value, however it would have required more time to investigate the causes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap , 2004. , 53 p.
Laserdiode, photodiode, silicon PIN-detector, operational amplifier, responsivity, differential efficiency, bandwidth, feedback network
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-325ISRN: LITH-ITN-ED-EX--04/020--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-325DiVA: diva2:20359
Lindgren, MikaelSamuelsson, Berndt