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Att folkomrösta eller icke folkomrösta?: En analys av debatten om huruvida EU: s grundlag bör antas genom en folkomröstning eller ej
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
2005 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The primary purpose of this thesis is to study how political agents construct and give meaning to the concepts of democracy, representative democracy and referendums. The starting point of the thesis is the pressing issue whether or not Sweden should hold a referendum on the new EU constitution. To analyze this question my choice of method is critical discourse analysis and the topical theories revolve around democracy and responsibility.

My study shows that there are three different discourses in this debate: “the democratic process”, “the representative democracy” and “the concept of democracy”. However, the meaning of the concepts in these discourses varies depending on which side the political agents are on. It is obvious that the concepts are not fixated and that they are used as catchphrases to define ideological motives. In addition, the concepts are used differently to enhance certain values in a democracy.

The result of this study shows the paradox and conflicting values that are associated with the concepts. This means that the notion of democracy changes depending on what the agents want to perceive. The political agents who do not support a referendum often refer to what a representative democracy symbolizes. Agents who support a referendum consider the democratic process as an incentive for a democratic ideal. In this context, the discourse of democracy does not arise from a primary level but rather a secondary. This implies that the criteria for a liberal democracy are fulfilled and the debate revolves around abstract values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning , 2005. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
democracy, referendum, European Union, discourse analysis, representative democracy, constitution
Keyword [sv]
demokrati, folkomröstning, Europeiska Unionen, diskursanalys, representativ demokrati, grundlag
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-3260ISRN: LIU-ITUF/SKA-D-05/08-SEOAI: diva2:20360
Available from: 2005-08-31 Created: 2005-08-31

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